The People in Arms
(Completes the section Second Amendment of Law 13.)
When one reads in the Second Amendment that militias are necessary to a free state, these are strong words and one cannot read it as “a standing army is necessary to a free state,” especially because the Constitution also has measures about the army (Article I, Section 8, clause 12) and the amendment does not mention the army but militias.
In fact one should read the Amendment thus: “Militias are necessary to a free state, even more so when there is a standing army in the state.”
In other words, in “A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state” (letter of the amendment) the emphasis is on “necessary to a free state” rather than on “necessary to the security,” because if the emphasis were on the latter, then yes the army and the state-controlled police forces may be enough and there would be no need of militias, but the Framers intended to emphasize the role of militias as against a standing army, because standing armies were the arm of absolutism in Europe and they wanted to make a free country.
As the second amendment talks about militias and not the army, I do not understand it when a statute (Dick Act, National Defense Act…) calls the military reserve a militia, because the military reserve is the army and obviously the second amendment isn’t about the army (which is named elsewhere in the Constitution but not in the second amendment). This is a statutory misnomer with huge consequences because lots of people look askance at citizen militias, which are the true second amendment militias contrary to the national guard or any other military reserve corps, which are the army_period.
An army may be “necessary” to the “security” of a “state” but according to the second amendment it is not “necessary to the security of a free state,” that is to say, again, the emphasis is on “free.” Without militias a free state would lack something necessary. And as it would not lack security if a standing army can provide it, it must be that said state would lack first and foremost being a free state.
And it should be clear by now that the militias of the amendment are not and cannot be the army nor any reserve corps of the army, however muddled the situation is made by the statutes.
The idea of a “collective right within the context of a militia,” which was cogently discarded by the Supreme Court, is, I believe, partaken by many of those who also look askance at citizen militias. Not only can they not accept an individual right to bear arms but also and perhaps even less can they accept a militia except in the muddled sense of a military reserve.
In fact they read the Second Amendment in light of the militia statutes (rather than the statutes in light of the amendment) and thus read it as meaning “an army being necessary to the security etc.”
But this is completely nuts on two grounds (beside all the already said).
1/ If the amendment were about the army, it would literaly name the annex (the reserve) rather than the main body as “necessary to the security” of the state. It would stress the necessity of the annex without even mentioning that of the main body, which is absurd.
2/ If the amendment were about the army, the amendment would be a big non sequitur: “An army being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.” The Framers would have found it necessary to secure a right to bear arms because the state needs an army, but such a reasoning would be a puzzle to everybody, and indeed as about all countries in the world, even sh*thole countries, have standing armies and yet most of them deny their citizens the right to bear arms, the idea that a standing army necessitates a citizens’ right to bear arms is something unheard of, and it would have been great had the Framers explained their idea a little bit. Obviously it’s absurd and the Framers of the second amendment are just not talking of the army.
One simply cannot read the amendment in light of the statutes, and this makes the statutes’ constitutionality dubious.
I also object to the organized vs unorganized typology because not only does it derive from said statutes (“organized” militias are organized by legislative acts) but also because the amendment talks of “well regulated” militias and the typology gives the impression that “unorganized” militias must be outside the scope of “well regulated” militias, which is probably what most if not all half-informed Americans (those among Americans who are half-informed) think.
Oddly, if you read the opinions of the Justices of the Supreme Court (or their summaries), you’ll find that my viewpoint is closer to that of dissenting Justice Stevens than to the majority opinion by Justice Scalia. Although I had read the summary before, I wasn’t conscious of this while writing the previous lines. Here is J. Stevens’s dissenting opinion in J.R. Vile’s words:
“The primary purpose of the Second Amendment was to underscore the Founders’s fear of standing armies. The amendment makes no mention of hunting or self-defense. … J. Stevens argues that the Second Amendment was designed to prevent Congress from disarming state militias: ‘When each word in the text is given full effect, the Amendment is most naturally read to secure to the people a right to use and possess arms in conjunction with service in a well-regulated militia.’ The term bear arms was an idiom designed to refer to those who served in militias; to keep arms further described ‘the requirement that militia members store their arms at their homes, ready to be used for service when necessary.’”
While I entirely agree with most of this, the only conclusion I find to suit it is that the Court was right to decide as it did and I hardly understand how this opinion can be a dissent.
The Founders’ fear of standing armies is the crux, what does Justice Stevens make of it? The U.S. has a standing army now, so what then? Is everything LOST and we should abide by a reality contrary to the will of the Founders while everything we keep saying in the legal domain is informed by the Constitution they framed? What absurdity is this? Clearly the Founders’ vision was that of a people in arms rather than standing armies, the arm of absolutism in Europe and of Empires elsewhere. They knew their history books and the stories of great nations plagued by praetorian intrigues. Yet, probably out of pragmatism, they also made room for an army, but if the nation were to create such an army, then the Constitution documents that it is a necessary evil–not unlike the government itself, in fact, and in the same way that that necessary evil that is the government is made as innocuous as possible by checks and balances, so must a standing army be dealt with, and the checks and balances here are the people in arms, the militias.
This was the starting point for all I wrote, which, to sum it up, is that an individual right to bear arms is enclosed in the prefatory clause about militias as the premise whence the right follows by necessity (provided one does not limit one’s understanding of militias to that of later, likely unconstitutional statutes).
To rephrase it, in my opinion you can’t have a collective right without an individual right. I believe in grassroots militias, bottom-up, so individuals must be armed if they want to form or join a militia. It’s not the governor or the Pentagon calls them and arm them, which is probably Stevens’s idea of militia, but I think he’s right that the amendment underscores the Founders’ fear of standing armies, due to which fear–a fear not at all irrational!–they wanted the people armed. The people must be armed and that means individuals must be armed.
Now when Scalia says (in the commentator’s words) “The Second Amendment was developed in reaction to fears that the government would disarm the people, and was patterned on state provisions that were designed to protect individual rights,” this is right also and I don’t see any contradiction between the two quotes because obviously if the government intended to disarm the people it would be because in the government’s idea a standing army would empty out a right to bear arms. A standing army makes militias useless (except as an annex or as local battalions of the army) so it makes the right to bear arms useless. But the Framers said–this is the very letter of the Constitution–that militias independent from the army are necessary even if the Union were to create a standing, permanent, professional army.
Then, when one reads (majority decision) “The Amendment is divided into a prefatory clause and an operative clause. There must be a link between the two, but ‘apart from that clarifying function, a prefatory clause does not limit or expand the scope of the operative clause’,” it smacks of taking liberties with the letter, which I disagree with in constitutional analysis (and Scalia has often blamed others for taking liberties). In my eyes there was no need to resort to such intricacies: the prefatory clause is the premise, the operative clause is the consequence, and the consequence is an individual right.
I wouldn’t insist too much on the English heritage, as today “In the United Kingdom, access by the general public to firearms is subject to some of the strictest control measures in the world” (first sentence of Wikipedia page Firearms Regulation in the U.K.), which means the U.S. would be more faithful to the heritage than the Britons themselves, and this after breaking with them. There is no justification to this: Why would or should the Americans be more faithful to the English heritage than the English?
Then Scalia goes on talking about the “pre-existing right,” which he calls a “‘natural right’ that encompassed that of protecting oneself against ‘both public and private violence’.” The majority in McDonald v. Chicago (2010) said Heller “recognized self-defense to be a basic right that applied to handguns.” To the best of my knowledge there is no country in the world where the laws say you must accept that someone kills you without trying to defend yourself, namely, a country that does not acknowledge exculpatory circumstances for homicide. This being said, the U.S. is rather unique with its constitutional right to bear arms. As a matter of fact, in other countries too you’ve got the right to use a gun in self-defense, only it turns out you don’t have a gun, because you had to ask for a license, justify your demand etc, so arguably, yes, these countries make fun of the basic right that is self-defense.
If the letter of the second amendment stresses, as I claim, defense against “public violence” rather than against “private violence,” (these are Scalia’s words) this is only out of conciseness: there was no need to expatiate on an individual right to self-defense because it is, if you like, a “natural right” (Scalia again) and it goes without saying that, when, a militia being necessary, the right to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed, individuals may use in self-defense the weapons they have the right to keep and bear.
The reference by Scalia to “public (vs private) violence” is interesting. What is it he has in mind? Is it not the possible use of the standing army against the citizenry? If this is so, then obviously the making of militias a something inside the army, dependent on the same organs, is an obstacle to the militias playing any role against public violence. So possibly Scalia has the same conception as that laid down here by me, but on the other hand I also have doubts about it: I wonder whether, like others, he might not think that this talking about militias in the Constitution is antiquated and irrelevant in the times we’re living.
That there be antiquated clauses in the Constitution is perhaps admissible, but that there be antiquated clauses in crucial matters is strictly impossible.
Immunity For Botch
South v. Maryland (1855) and the public duty doctrine say “there is no tort liability to an injured party resulting from the non-malicious failure of a law enforcement officer to enforce the law,” but also “It is a public duty for neglect of which an officer is amenable to the public, and punishable by indictment only.” Thus the absence of tort liability does not rule out all form of responsibility or I’m missing something.
You can charge an officer for failure to protect if you are feeling foolish, but the case will almost certainly get rejected by the judge, and even if it isn’t the appeal will side with the officer. … I don’t think threats of a frivolous indictment by an overzealous prosecutor can be interpreted as a duty for an officer to endanger their life. It is just legal politics and rhetoric designed to win the court of public opinion (the mob). (MrM)
For the sake of learning, I quote the definitions:
“Public duty rule: a doctrine in tort law: a government entity (as a state or municipality) cannot be held liable for the injuries of an individual resulting from a public officer’s or employee’s breach of a duty owed to the public as a whole as distinguished from a duty owed to the particular individual called also public duty rule. See also special duty doctrine.
Special duty doctrine: an exception to the public duty doctrine that imposes liability for injury on a government entity when there is a special duty owed to the plaintiff but not to the public at large called also special duty exception. NOTE: The special duty doctrine applies when the duty owed to the plaintiff arises by statute or when the plaintiff has justifiably come to rely on the government’s assumption of that duty.” (findlaw)
Town of Castle Rock v. Gonzalez (2005) is a confirmation of DeShaney v. Winnebago County Department of Social Services (1989). It may be worth stressing that both involve children being victims of their father’s violence, so these rulings may be found to run into the parens patriae doctrine, actually.
Parens patriae “refers to the public policy power of the state to intervene against an abusive or negligent parent, legal guardian, or informal caretaker, and to act as the parent of any child, individual or animal who is in need of protection. For example, some children, incapacitated individuals, and disabled individuals lack parents who are able and willing to render adequate care, thus requiring state intervention.”
You’ll note the phrasing “requiring state intervention.” The conclusion “We are all responsible for our own personal safety, whether we like it or not” (Barnes Law) sounds odd when applied to the situation of a little child vis-à-vis his father, especially when the state knows the child’s helplessness, so much so that it adopted a parens patriae doctrine.
So I can’t agree with DeShaney v. Winnebago Social Services.
The mother was let down by the social services. In the books I find “this clause [the due process clause] was designed ‘to protect the people from the State, not to ensure that the State protected them from each other.’” This is not true as far as the parens patriae doctrine and the situation of a helpless child is concerned, but I fear to understand that it is no constitutional guarantee and instead a castle in the air. People demanded foster homes, same as they demanded a 911 line for help, and states provided the services, as it was not found unconstitutional, but only for the people to be told then that whether the services are provided in a satisfactory or botched fashion is none of the courts’ business. In other words, the Supreme Court is telling people they rely on the state at their own risk, and in reality they cannot rely on it at all.
“The fact that the state at times took temporary custody of Joshua [DeShaney] did not make the state his personal guardian after it released him.” No but the fact that it released him to an abusive father several times shows a clear misunderstanding of the situation, all the while the mother was thinking the child was in good, prudent hands.
“If the state has a financial obligation to Joshua, it must be democratically ascertained through protection of state tort (personal injury) law rather than through the due process clause.” Not true with regard to the public duty doctrine. Thus, while South v. Maryland barred a tort suit leaving indictment open, DeShaney v. Winnebago Social Services bars a due process clause suit claiming to leave open a tort suit that is not open. Of course in both cases the courts felt the need to leave some recourse open, as otherwise the notion arises of duty without responsibility, which is, to say the least, hard to chew.
“Justice Sonia Sotomayor has noted a “disturbing trend” of siding with police officers using excessive force with qualified immunity, describing it as “sanctioning a ‘shoot first, think later’ approach to policing.” She stated: “We have not hesitated to summarily reverse courts for wrongly denying officers the protection of qualified immunity in cases involving the use of force…But we rarely intervene where courts wrongly afford officers the benefit of qualified immunity in these same cases.”” (Wikipedia page Qualified Immunity)
This is the topic of qualified immunity, with which I wish I were more familiar because I guess that’s part of what is knowing one’s rights…
THE NASA Psychic
How many Americans know Apollo was a psychic program?
“Jonsson is most notable for his long-distance telepathy experiment during the Apollo 14 mission in 1971. Four psychics on earth were chosen to receive telepathic signals from astronaut Edgar Mitchell in space.” (Wikipedia page Olof Jonsson)
Are we supposed then, according to NASA, a federal agency, to believe in extrasensory perception (ESP)? Obviously yes because one does not fund a “long-distance telepathy experiment” if one does not believe in short-distance telepathy. Think of it: a federal agency funding a long-distance telepathy experiment between space and the earth while it was not convinced that telepathy occurs here on earth. Does it make any sense?
Likewise, the fact that the experiment was, as the Wikipedia page adds, a “complete failure” cannot by itself disprove ESP but only, if anything, “long-distance” ESP. Therefore, without an express statement to the contrary by NASA, it must be said to endorse ESP.
Canada: Conservatives’ attempts to protect platform users’ speech online is blocked. A bad result for free speech in Canada.
Let’s face it: Canada never was a free-speech country. U.S. envoys never pressed it to become one and how would they when their bosses at home had rather have the same anti-free speech policy at home too? I told you already, for that it takes independent judges tenured for life. Among politicians it’s always the opposition that defends free speech, but when it gets to governement there’s no more of that bullsh*t, it’s censorship bills one after the other, all of them. Prove me wrong.
Given the basic fact that Twitter and Facebook censor all opponents of the Democratic Party, this censorship is state action in all states and localities governed by Democrats, and the platforms are amenable to courts for abridgment of First Amendment rights by the inhabitants of these states and localities. The ideological nexus is obvious. The U.S. federal government being currently under a president of the Democratic Party, these platforms’ censorship is now state action in all the territory of the Union.
The Botched Law of Racially Restrictive Covenants
In what is perhaps an unprecedented instance in the history of American legislation, a statute, the Fair Housing Act of 1968, was needed twenty years after the Supreme Court intended the same as the Act, in its notorious decision Shelley v. Kraemer of 1948 which eviscerated the enforcement by courts of private restrictive covenants barring blacks from buying real estate.
In the 6-0 decision Chief Justice Vinson explained that “restrictive covenants drawn up by private individuals do not in themselves violate the Fourteenth Amendment. As long as they are completely private and voluntary, they are within the law. Here, however, there was more. Through their courts, the states aided in the enforcement of the covenants. Indeed, if it were not for the courts, the purpose of the agreements would not be fulfilled.” (Vile, 2018)
Thus we were to learn, en creux, from the Supreme Court that covenants whose purpose would not be fulfilled by courts are a legal object–a legal UFO to this very day. Commentator Vile adds, for those who could not believe what they had just been reading: “Shelley dit not invalidate private restrictive covenants but only state enforcement.” State enforcement rings a bell to those familiar with constitutional law: one reads state action. That judicial action is state action is perhaps not to be denied but then, as courts, one or the other, are competent about everything, the decision means that state action is everywhere (and everybody could be sued for “discrimination”: you could be sued for failing to invite blacks at your wedding, for instance)–and at the same time whites who refused to sell estate to blacks through restrictive covenants would maintain the practice undisturbed, as long, that is, as blacks did not trick them and acquired the estate anyway, or perhaps as long as black squatters did not occupy the premises, and if a black (or, for that matter, any) squatter occupied a house belonging to a white owner to which house a restrictive covenant was attached, perhaps the owner had no legal recourse against the squatter?
Such niceties and others resulting from the unanimous decision were so strange that eventually the legislator, twenty years later, passed the Fair Housing Act that prohibits racially restrictive covenants.
To this day no court dared link state action to the possibility of judicial litigation again, Shelley was dead on arrival, and discriminatory private ventures that are not specifically covered by antidiscrimination legislative acts are permissible. A restaurant can (absent a state or local statute to the contrary) cater to whites only, for instance, in the United States of America, that is, since other countries have bogus notions of freedom.
But restrictive covenants run with the land: “Just because these old covenants are now unenforceable, they never simply disappeared. Many continue to be passed on from owner to owner through property deeds to this day, and though real estate professionals and lawmakers alike have made efforts toward having them removed, bureaucratic red tape and legal expenses often hinder progress. Some argue that it would be too cost-prohibitive to remove the racist language from every real estate deed in the country today.” (Homelight, Sep 14, 2020)
To have made covenants which pre-existed the Fair Housing Act unenforceable was ex post facto lawmaking: “An ex post facto law is a law that retroactively changes the legal consequences (or status) of actions that were committed, or relationships that existed, before the enactment of the law.”
Ex post facto laws are prohibited by the American Constitution (clause 3 of Article I, Section 9). In its purity the principle holds in criminal law only but such a construction may be argued to be unconstitutional: “Thomas Jefferson described them [ex post facto laws] as ‘equally unjust in civil as in criminal cases.’ Over the years, however, when deciding ex post facto cases, the United States Supreme Court has referred repeatedly to its ruling in Calder v. Bull, in which Justice Samuel Chase held that the prohibition applied only to criminal matters, not civil matters.” (Wikipedia) Like Jefferson I see no reason why the principle should be limited to criminal law, because 1/ the letter of the Constitution makes no such distinction as that introduced by Justice Chase (the clause reads: “No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed” and 2/ even if ignoring the principle must be particularly dramatic in criminal law such neglect is not benign either in the other legal domains.
Georgia anti-BDS law is unconstitutional: “A federal court ruled in favor of journalist Abby Martin, who was barred from speaking at Georgia Southern University after she refused to pledge she would not boycott Israel.” (shadowproof, May 24, 2021)
It’s only the fifth or sixth anti-BDS law that is declared unconstitutional by a U.S. federal court, there remain a dozen ones in other states. Apparently none of the humiliated states dare appeal the evisceration of their shameful bills to the Supreme Court?
There is that politician, Rubio, I don’t know what he’s saying about all this but he wanted a federal anti-BDS bill, the same as those. And how did he “sell” it? By exposing his total, complete and irremediable lack of constitutional knowledge. He said: What? (¿Cómo?) BDS supporters could boycott Israel but the government couldn’t boycott BDS supporters? I believe he was convinced, while tweeting this, he had found the ultimate ironclad argument to the opponents of his bill. He’s got no clue, he doesn’t know that a state boycott (by any government, federal, state or local) is state action against which boycott is protected as free speech, whereas BDS is a grassroots boycott protected by the First Amendment. Even if both were called boycotts, one infringes on free speech and the other is free speech. That’s basic constitutional law.
I’m reading “the FBI just put X and Y (movements) on the same threat level as ISIS.” Is this leaked information? Is it a leak (1) or is it state intimidation against legally constituted associations (2)? If (2), how, besides, is this not libelous? There can be no governmental immunity when a police bureau slanders and libels law-abiding citizens.
Neoconservatism: Jacobinism or Napoleonism?
According to Claes G. Ryn (America the Virtuous: The Crisis of Democracy and the Quest for Empire, 2003), the “neoconservative” influence on the American right is turning it into a new form of Jacobinism (doctrine of the French Revolution), and I’m not sure whether one should not call it Napoleonism instead, but both, blended in the doctrine of the current French state, are based on centralization, bureaucracy, flawed separation of powers (the judicial is controled by the executive), militarism (military parade on National Day: Trump wanted the same for July 4!), police state, no free speech…
Moi, A.B., ministre des matchs de foot
Interview (presque) imaginaire de la ministre B. : « Si le Plan Pauvreté passe après le foot, sachez que c’est parce que, pour les pauvres, rien ne passe avant le foot. »
Après avoir dit des inepties monstrueuses sur le calendrier du Plan Pauvreté qui « dépend des matchs » de foot, la ministre B. a littéralement pleuré, selon Le Canard enchaîné, devant le Premier ministre, et Macron a eu pitié d’elle : elle reste au Gouvernement. De la société civile à la société civile en passant par la grosse erreur de casting. Si le milieu professionnel spécialisé et les cocktails mondains entre gens qui pensent pareil préparaient à la vie politique, ça se saurait.
Help scientists run for office. (Richard Dawkins)
Yes, like Dr B., health minister of Frognce, who ends up in tears in the office of the Prime minister after telling the media: “The schedule of the Poverty Plan will depend on the results of the Frognch football team.” Brilliant!
If a specialized career field plus social gatherings where everybody thinks the same were good training for politics, we’d have known for long.
L’inscription du salafisme sur la liste des dérives sectaires a été recommandée par le rapport de la commission d’enquête du Sénat. (via J.-C. Brisard)
République franc-maçonne rime de plus en plus avec islamophobe. Bientôt on pourra bel et bien parler de République franc-mazobe.
Ils sortent le drapeau algérien … des supporters français les frappent. (Islam&Info)
Un lâche attentat a été commis ! Alors que les bons citoyens de ce pays se réjouissaient de la victoire de leur noble équipe de balle-au-pied, des individus abjects ont osé brandir un drapeau étranger au milieu de la liesse nationale ! Les bons citoyens ont fait justice.
Aisne : Un homme crie « Allah Akbar » et meurt après avoir été tasé. … Criant « Allah Akbar», l’homme est « allé au contact » des militaires, tapant des poings sur le capot de leur voiture et lançant des projectiles métalliques. (RT)
L’homme qui est mort aux mains de la police
1/ était « armé d’objets métalliques »
2/ a lancé des « projectiles métalliques ».
La police ne peut pas être plus précise ? C’est qu’il n’était pas dangereux.
La description, bien que très vague, est certes inquiétante, à cause de « métallique », mais si vous n’êtes pas fichus de dire de quels objets il s’agit, c’est que vous avez honte de la mort d’un homme qui ne présentait pas de danger. Du genre : tué pour avoir lancé une canette vide !
Il paraît que le cumul des mandats est une exception française. Or la détestation de la classe politique n’est pas du tout une exception française. Donc ne vous faites pas trop d’illusions avec vos réformes…
Read Trotsky’s Revolution Betrayed about Soviet Russia, apply it to a people that eats dogs & live mice and you’ll get an idea of today’s China.
Tunisie : 54 % des scientifiques sont des femmes. (L’Important)
Elles injectent des tas de poisons dans des cochons d’Inde, des souris, des lapins, des hamsters, des chats, les sales p…
Why do you turn against those who work less than you when they’re the example you can oppose your boss with and you ought to turn against those who work more than you with whose example your boss opposes you?
À propos du saphisme. Dit-on amour saphique ou amour ça fiste ?
An American company with at least one Saudi shareholder is certain to implement an underground Islamophobic anti-Shiite policy. I have my suspicions about you, Twitter.
« La société s’appauvrit de la perte d’un travailleur ; elle s’enrichit de celle d’un oisif. La mort d’un riche est un bienfait. » Auguste Blanqui
Il n’y a plus qu’une issue pour Benalla : le coup d’État. Benalla Président ! (Me contacter pour les détails opérationnels) #BenallaGate
L’affaire Benalla montée par les policiers opposés au projet de réforme de la sécurité de l’Élysée ? C’est la théorie de cet article, qui titre, vengeur : Des poulets « qui le paieront cher ». Colonel Sanders, à l’aide !
Post-scriptum. J’ai trouvé l’article dans le tweet d’un député, qui appelle ces policiers des Torquemada et dit : « Plus dure sera la chute. » Les poulets sont prévenus : vont-ils finir à la broche ?
Je veux dire solennellement aux policiers et gendarmes que la solution n’est pas dans une commission d’enquête parlementaire mais entre leurs mains s’ils sont assez progressistes. Ça s’est déjà vu : Pérou (Gobierno Revolucionario de la Fuerza Armada), Panama (General Omar Torrijos, Líder Máximo de la Revolución Panameña)…
In newspaper Le Monde in date of July 22 one sees, from the testimony of the men of the PSIG (peloton de surveillance et d’intervention de la gendarmerie), how Arnaud Beltrame behaved like a madman, although they dare not say it quite so openly. Arnaud Beltrame went with the PSIG inside the store by surprise (they had discussed it and he wasn’t asked to go), then he disrupted the officer’s talking with Lakdim, then he said to the PSIG “Shut up, I negociate, beat it!” The men were like “WTF!!!”
And while the “pensée-unique” scenario unfolded immediately (origin: media or politicians?), that Arnaud Beltrame was a hero to be emulated by his colleagues, people who openly said otherwise were ignored, when their stance didn’t call derogatory comments upon their heads.
Si le parlement veut rendre le pays ingouvernable, il faudra lancer un appel aux éléments progressistes de notre armée pour liquider ces institutions bourgeoises et former un gouvernement populaire.
Loi ELAN comme donner un nouvel élan. Loi PACTE comme recréer le pacte de confiance. Plus c’est con, plus ils sont contents d’eux. À quand une loi « libéralisme et sécurité » pour une société d’ordre dynamique et ouverte, dite loi SODO ?
Après les sans-dents de Hollande, « Qu’ils viennent me chercher » sous-entendu les sans-couilles de Macron.
According to Ralph Richard Banks in Is Marriage for White People? (2011), Black-American women don’t find Black men with their levels of education and must either marry lower educated Black men or abstain from marrying or, as the book advocates, marry white educated men but U.S. society has a bias agains this.
It boils down to this: When twice as many Black women as Black men turn lawyers, half of these female lawyers will have to marry Black plumbers or white lawyers, but as there are barriers to both they remain single.
Twitter is limiting the visibility of prominent Republicans in search results. (VICE)
Well, as these same prominent Republicans are used to say: “Private business, you know.”
How do you like your own medicine now? Don’t bother answering, as Twitter won’t send a notification anyway.
The entire framing of capitalism vs. socialism needs to change. Most people realize that our current system needs to evolve to account for the destruction of middle-class jobs and ongoing automation + devaluation of labor. The challenge is evolving to the New Capitalism. (Andrew Yang)
The production machine could have shrinked the workday to a couple of hours 100 years ago already, and you’ll find these estimates commented in decades-old Socialist literature; only, they stressed, the capitalist class wouldn’t have it, as it won’t have it today and will never have it as long as it is the capitalist class. Automation, big deal, really! Depletion of industry and service jobs will offer the capitalist class a magnificent opportunity to crowd their palaces with throngs of valets and handmaids and prostitutes and juggler dwarves…
Vote par empreinte digitale au Mali (!)
Oui, l’électeur trempe son doigt dans une encre, puis appose son empreinte sur le bulletin de vote. (Ashley Leïla MAIGA)
Vous pouvez économiser sur les isoloirs, vu que vous laissez votre signature sur le bulletin de vote ! Qu’il y ait un isoloir ou pas, si vous votez avec une empreinte digitale, c’est comme de voter en signant son nom !
À l’attention de U.S. Embassy Mali : Le tweet ci-joint montre que les Maliens votent en laissant leur empreinte digitale sur le bulletin de vote. C’est comme s’ils devaient signer leur nom. Quid du principe du vote secret pour éviter les pressions ?
À l’attention de MOE UE Mali 2018 : Le tweet joint montre que les Maliens votent en appliquant un doigt encré sur le bulletin, c’est-à-dire en laissant une empreinte digitale, ce qui revient à signer le bulletin ! Quid du principe du vote secret pour éviter les pressions ?
To UN & UN MISNUSMA: Ballots for the election work with voters stamping one finger on it, that is, leaving their fingerprints, which is the same as signing the ballot! What about the secret-ballot principle to prevent pressures?
Your absence of reply, U.S. Embassy, is proof to me that you don’t care about democracy in Mali, as you fail to deal with the issue of secret ballot. Your aims are others, I think you didn’t “give” financial help for the election but rather you bought the ballots with voters’ fingerprints, as a population-control tool.
This is not an election but a population-control experiment. Asking voters to vote by leaving their fingerprint on the ballot is a darn joke.
Faudrait quand même être fortiche pour passer au scan tous les bulletins de vote et les comparer aux empreintes lors NINA+++. Le Mali est bien loin des moyens de la NSA. + les bulletins ne bougent pas. + vote électronique encore plus suspect à mon avis. (efomba)
Précisément, les États-Unis ont fait un « don » au Mali pour l’élection, ce qui veut peut-être dire que c’est la NSA qui récupère les bulletins et revend ensuite les analyses au gouvernement malien… #bigdata
+++NINA : Numéro d’identification nationale. La carte d’identité au Mali comporte l’empreinte digitale de la personne. Par conséquent, l’empreinte de chaque électeur est enregistrée dans un fichier national et les recoupements à partir de bulletins de vote marqués d’une empreinte digitale sont donc a priori possibles techniquement.
(La question du vote électronique est pertinente. Si, dans les pays où ce vote existe, les autorités peuvent identifier l’électeur à partir de son adresse IP ou de tout autre marqueur électronique, la problématique est alors exactement la même.)
+ poser empreinte pour voter n’est pas obligatoire, en ce qui me concerne j’ai signé le bulletin, ce qui est autorisé. (efomba)
Une signature au stylo permet également d’être identifié !
Signer d’une croix permet d’être reconnu ? (efomba)
Une croix, non. Si c’est permis et n’invalide pas le bulletin, je conseille fortement aux Maliens de faire ce choix, plutôt que l’empreinte digitale. Vraiment.
Je suis tout de même un peu étonné par cette possibilité car si quelqu’un dessine sur le bulletin, je ne sais pas, une fleur ou la tête à toto, dans la case d’un candidat, le bulletin est-il valide ?
Les cas d’invalidation d’un bulletin, autre que nul, sont rares et encadrés par la loi électorale (insultant, choix imprécis par ex à cheval entre 2 candidats…). Une croix, ou danss votre exemple une fleur, ne sont pas vraiment insultants, je pense. (efomba)
Avec un taux d’alphabétisation parmi les plus bas au monde (38,7 % selon le rapport 2015 de l’Unesco), on s’attendrait à ce que les règles pour voter au Mali soient simples, mais il semblerait qu’elles soient au contraire relativement complexes…
Extreme Cases of Elephantiasis
Left: Anonymous woman. Right: Israeli female soldiers.
(Their ridiculous boots make these Israeli female thugs, already rather elephantine without them, look as if suffering from elephantiasis.)
“Whoever directly or otherwise puts forward the slogan of Jewish national culture is the enemy of the proletariat, the defender of the old and caste element in Jewry, the tool of the rabbis and of the bourgeoisie.” Lenin 1913
In mondo film Faces of Death (1978) film director John A. Schwartz (a Jew) presents as documentary the shootage of people eating a live monkey’s brain in a place where belly dance is performed, thus maliciously equating Middle Eastern culture with barbarity. It wasn’t documentary at all, as was revealed later (much later), and such “culinary” traditions have never been reported in the Middle East (there are rumors that it existed in China). Later Spielberg pictured Indians eating (dead) monkey brains. Hollywood is xenophobic and malicious.
It’s not open to debate, that eating a live non-human monkey’s brain was a culinary delicacy in China. The screaming of the monkey was part of the entertainment of it. (William Snow Hume)
I thought so, yet my last internet check of it reads: “It is unclear whether monkey brains have ever been served in a restaurant or whether the practice itself is an urban legend” (Wkpd: Monkey brains) and this for dead brain! They add: “Initial confusion over a translated term for the edible mushroom hericium may have played a part in the belief, as this mushroom is called hóu tóu gū (simplified: 猴头菇; traditional: 猴頭菇; lit. “monkey head mushroom”) in Chinese.” Mushrooms can scream, apparently…
Anyway, as this article shows (graphic content), the habit of eating live animals is something real in China: fish, snakes, living duck embryos, mice (“three squeaks” delicacy)… As to live monkeys, “The dish was banned in China.“
Uyghurs in Cannibal China
Uyghurs must escape this hell of a country named China before it’s too late! Links:
“Dogs being boiled alive and conscious in China”
“Fully conscious pet dog has all four legs severed before being skinned”
Cat Meat Restaurants (China) from Google Images.
“Eight animals eaten alive in China”: fish, snakes, live duck embryos, mice (“three squeaks” delicacy), live monkey’s brain, you name it. (Not mentioned: live squid, I saw it on TV).
“Abuses against animals in traditional Chinese medicine markets in Southern China”
They are going to eat the Uyghurs alive! Stop it!
Palestine-East Turkestan/Uyghurstan: Zios & Chinks 2 sides of the same coin, postcolonial colonialism relying on diasporas that bribe national legislatures into positions favorable to their colonialism.
Cannibalisme chinois en Afrique
Le président chinois poursuit sa visite en Afrique. Après Dakar, Kigali. Au centre de ces déplacements : le renforcement des liens économiques. (Le journal Afrique, TV5 Monde)
Les Chinois veulent manger des Africains, c’est pour ça qu’ils viennent, mais ne leur vendez pas, s’il vous plaît !
Les Chinois veulent manger des Africains car ils sont convaincus que leur chair noire est succulente et possède des vertus régénératives et toniques. Prenez garde au cannibalisme chinois ! Ils veulent ouvrir des restaurants secrets !
Si le cannibalisme s’est maintenu plus longtemps en Afrique, c’est tout simplement parce que la viande est meilleure. Les Chinois l’ont compris !
Et si on se servait du capitalisme pour combattre l’exclusion ? (A. Lavaud et I. Soulages, HEC 2015)
Ce n’est pas toi qui te sert du capitalisme mais le capitalisme qui se sert de toi (et crée l’exclusion). Lao-Tchoum
Grosse érection aujourd’hui, à l’occasion de la Journée de la femme.
J’ai regardé hier The Commuter/The Passenger avec Liam Neeson et j’ai calculé qu’à la place du personnage je serais mort cinquante et une fois.
« Les grèves ont coûté beaucoup d’argent. » « Elles viennent un peu impacter la croissance », dit le porte-parole du gouvernement. (BFMTV)
Le porte-parole du gouvernement vient d’apprendre ce qu’est la grève. Quelle belle école, le gouvernement ! Continuez de faire les c… et les travailleurs ne se priveront pas de faire la grève.
Le travail des femmes a réduit la mobilité du travail car un travailleur au chômage ne peut désormais quitter son lieu de résidence pour se rendre là où on lui fait une offre, que si sa conjointe (ou vice-versa) accepte de partir chercher un nouveau travail là-bas.
When you look for hashtag #Fredericton on Twitter to know more about the circumstances of Fredericton shooting, you learn nothing but that people afterwards made a human chain in sign of #FrederictonStrong. Well-meaners make TV necessary for one’s information.
Freedom Here and There (#saudicanada)
The Saudis are absolutely right to stress that Ernst Zundel was a political prisoner in Canada (and Germany). And it is out of fear of possible state repression that Westerners are reluctant to say that depriving a “Holocaust denier and Nazi sympathizer” of his freedom is an act of political repression.
To the #saudicanada discussion. Situation in Canada is that one may be deprived of his/her freedom for:
-claiming land for indigenous populations;
-denying the existence of gas chambers for the extermination of jews in WW2.
(according to pro-Saudi account Beauty of Queen)
Friends are calling me out of concern, so stop: Violation of my academic freedom is real and is an ongoing civil matter, but it cannot result in jail whatsoever and I have never been jailed. (Denis Rancourt)
I invite Saudi and other media to get acquainted with the way the University of Western Ontario dealt with Dr Wilson Bryan Key after he published his books on subliminal advertising. A shame.
Lonah Salpeter, Israeli athlete of Kenyan origin, after winning gold medal on 10,000m, is the first athlete in history to lose a race for failing to count the laps and stopping one lap before the end, at the 5,000m race. #Berlin #EuropeanChampionship2018
“Snickers Bites” for French market adds the translation of bites (=bouchées) and not a single gazabo in 33 billion dollars annual sales Mars company realized that bites bouchées means “stopped-up dicks” in French… #marketing #whataretheypaidfor?
Quand le géant de la restauration Mc Donald’s (27,5 milliards de dollars de chiffre d’affaires annuel) fait de la pub à la TV canadienne, ça donne « chocolat fondan »…
Quand le géant Inditex (18 milliards d’euros de chiffre d’affaires annuel, devant H&M), propriétaire des magasins Bershka, fait des soldes en France, ça donne « Premiére Dèmarque »… M***! Payez-vous des gens qui savent écrire, quoi !
Alors celle-là je ne vais pas la rater : le supergéant Google aux 110+ milliards de dollars de chiffre d’affaires annuel vous fait sa pub : « Inscrivez-vous maintenant et bénéficier de etc. » Payez-vous des gens qui savent écrire !
Publicité de Google sur le site de Le Monde : faites un effort, quand même. #orthographe (Rupert Barrow)
Ils n’ont pas assez d’argent !
Faute d’orthographe sur les voitures de police au Mexique ! (Polícía! estatal) (Photo août 2018, source : le journal mexicain Reforma)
Starbucks => Sturb X
for wankers only
Anarchists drop IEDs here and there in Italy with little damage, but for a #GenoaBridgeCollapse you don’t need anarchists, you only need capitalists.
Monsanto, which got massive product placement in film Treurgrond (2015) by Darrell Roodt has just been fined 289M dollars by a U.S. court for a terminally ill man’s cancer. A farmer. How many Boers and their workers suffer from Monsanto’s glyphosate? Just asking. As an aside, if you wish. [The film deals with farm murders in today’s South Africa, a phenomenon often described as the racially motivated targetting of White farmers by Black gangs.]
Monsanto is bad publicity for the Boers.
“Delights of Islam… I fell in love with veiled eyes.” Timothy Leary, High Priest, 1968.
Turn on, Tune in, Drop out.
Explain to me how come, after the previous generation’s #LSD craze, millions and millions of Westerners turning on with lysergic acid, the Western world is still as cramped as ever, even more so.
Koevoet South-African counter-insurgency unit in South-West Africa during the Border War (Grensoorlog) – When dumb Israelis show you Arabs in their army so, they say, Israel isn’t an apartheid state… #rubbish
The Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros (1978-1989) supported the Union of South Africa by allowing her to foil the international arms embargo through Comoros and to use the archipelago as a logistic base for military operations in Mozambique and Angola. #BobDenard
Somalia: 2 Al-Shabaab fighters killed by U.S. military in an airstrike in the north of Kismayo. (ESISC)
2 Al-Shabaab fighters killed by U.S. hillbilitary.
Ich sage: Es reicht! Wie viele Opfer soll diese Asylpolitik noch kosten? #Offenburg (Alice Weidel, AfD)
Mannn musss nichtt mit Messssern Scheisss treibben! #Offenburg
And now, ladies and gentlement, top European country for homicide is… RUSSIA! the fondling of European Islamophobes and other rightwingers! 15,561 intentional homicides in 2016, 43 per day, 10.82/100.000 inhabitants! #Putin (Wkpd List of countries by intentional homicide rate)
Big Brother is a control freak.
Imran et Bushra
Imran Khan’s wife number three. It’s like we’ve gone back to the Middle Ages! (Seema Goswami)
French colonialist occupation propaganda in Algeria had the same discourse exactly [about the veil].
“Islamic veil is oppression of women.” Position of French authorities #NiqabBan 👎 #BigBrother
Bushra Bibi: “Prior to her marriage with Imran Khan, she had been his spiritual mentor (murshid).” (Wkpd) He married his oppressed mentor!
Shaivist sadhus of India celebrate Imran Khan’s election in Pakistan and the niqab of First Lady Bushra Bibi with amazing feats of penis yoga!
Is it true, as petty-bourgeois scholars claim, that common sense believes in freewill? No, the proletariat doesn’t believe in free will. Psychologists as a whole are not even able to aptly describe the content of common sense, in front of which they so vehemently posit their own science. Proletarians have never believed in free will.
To the nations with working weeks longer than 35 hours, in the name of the world proletariat: You will know the taste of nuclear storm.
Selon Charles Maurras, on peut dire que Dreyfus n’a pas été « condamné parce que juif » mais innocenté parce que juif. [Voir mon billet Dreyfus innocent ?]
Strindberg’s Hollow Earth (Concave Earth) quote [again, see Tw6]
“Att jorden kunde vara konkav, visar sig vid luftsegling, då horisonten följer ballongen, han må stiga aldrig så högt; likaså med hafshorizonten, som alltid är i jämnhöjd med ögat, äfven om man stiger uppåt en höjd å stranden.” (En Blå Bok, 1907) Translation: “That the earth may be concave is shown by balloon flight, as the horizon always follows the balloon no matter how high it goes, and likewise with sea horizon, which remains at eyes’ level even if one steps up a mound on the beach.”
If the man was an idiot, then stop calling him a genius.
Denmark was the first country in the world to legalize pornography in 1969 and now they say niqab is a danger to their culture. Sure, when porn is your culture! #StoptheNiqabBanInDenmark
Niqab is a danger to Denmark’s culture all right because Denmark’s culture is pornography, the vilification of women.
What a brilliant homage to free CUNTries! [This last tweet was in reply to some guy who later, not being able to endure the strength of my reasoning, blocked me after he had wanted to contradict me. I must rephrase his objections from memory as I can’t read his tweets now that he has blocked me. He was saying that porn is legal in all free countries, hence my applauding his homage to free countries.
Then he said that ‘‘most of us’’ do not have a problem with sex and that ‘‘maybe’’ I should consider leaving Europe as I can’t stand women’s emancipation.]
Porn is not sex but sex for money. Don’t you see the difference? You may argue that sex for money is still sex, all right but the question isn’t how people view sex but how they view sex for money. Given your tweet I assume you aren’t familiar with the views of feminism, which is funny for someone claiming to be concerned with women’s condition.
They say Israel has the right to live and defend herself. It is entirely wrong. According to the very compacts of international law, a colonialist state is a barbarity and has no right to live at all.
They say Israel is the only democracy in the Middle East. How is it relevant? Britain, France and other colonialist states were democracies and yet they had to stop being colonial powers. Israeli democracy’s colonialism be damned.
Israel somehow continues to exist anyway. (DrBankrupcy)
Even if, coming from Israel, there was such things as purely defensive actions, they would still be criminal offences according to the sacred law of the united nations.
That sounds like a law worth ignoring if someone is Israeli. (DrBankrupcy)
It is a fact that Israel ignores the law of the united nations, which is precisely the reason why this nation is a reprobate. Your small-talk witticisms notwithstanding.
The United Nations cannot enforce its laws, and therefore these laws don’t count for much. Disagree? Ask Crimeans, Syrians, Rohingya etc. (DrBankrupcy)
In the present state of international affairs, still mired in darkness and barbarity, it is up to anybody to draw the consequences of the dictamina of international law, the common law of the united nations, and in the present case it means, among other things, #BDS.
« Paris : agression antisémite sur le pont Alexandre III »
Nos invités répondent à la question : Pourquoi l’empereur Alexandre III était-il antisémite ?
When people go through traumatic events because of someone they may choose the most severe form of punishment as revenge, well then “the most severe form of punishment” should be lifetime imprisonment not taking away someone’s life which I consider to be sacred. (S. Al-Qassemi)
Definition of the sacred is that its violation calls the severest form of punishment. As one punishment is severer than lifetime imprisonment, no other punishment than capital punishment is conceivable for homicide if human life is held sacred.
[Which is to tell Mr Al-Qassemi, although I preferred to let him infer it by himself, that I deny he is holding human life sacred, as I deny those so-called lenient penal systems of ours, like the French, hold anything sacred. As a matter of fact, nothing is sacred to us.]
« Je demande des efforts aux Français », déclare le Premier ministre (BFMTV)
Les travailleurs français doivent faire des efforts pour parvenir aux salaires de misère et longues journées de travail, à l’exploitation infâme des travailleurs chinois, sinon les capitalistes français ne peuvent pas faire de profits. Des questions ?