Category: Español

LXVII There’s a Fatma For You in This World

To the Consumers’ Association of Ireland

Dear Sir or Madam,

Supportive of consumer rights, I would like to call your attention to the topic of subliminal advertising, on which I have made some research.

The following case studies from my blog [Index] deal with very recent paper advertisements, many of them advertising multinationals’ brands and designed for international marketing.

The subliminal techniques involved are akin to mental manipulation and likely to be detrimental to the consumer’s choice. What is to be done to prevent consumers from being subjected to such deceptive manipulation? (March 29, 2015)

Answer:

Dear Flor, [Although I signed my full name Florent Boucharel, she calls me Flor because my email is flor.boucharel[@]gmail.com]

Thank you for your email.  We would recommend that you contact the government body, the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission as they have the power to investigate companies.  They can be contacted on 014 4025500 or http://www.consumerhelp.ie

Kind regards,

Caroline.

My answer:

Dear Caroline,

Thank you for your reply. I don’t think the law forbids embedding the word SEX in advertisement photographs, which, as far as I have been able to ascertain since my attention was called to the practice, is the case in almost every paper advertisement these days. Since the law says nothing, a government investigation is out of the question. I believe this is what they will tell me. I was seeing more a campaign of opinion, and that’s why I reached out to your organization, in case you would find the matter relevant to consumer rights. (March 30)

& later (having no further news from Caroline)

In spite of your reply, I feel my mail has not received due consideration, especially since my blog statistics tells me you haven’t even thrown a cursory glance on one or two of the cases I have provided.

You know, I am sure, of those people who hold positions of responsibility and, when contacted about attendant matters, ask: “Why are you talking to me? Do we know each other?”

If you’re not interested in matters such as how commercial advertising behaves towards the consumer, then you should consider changing occupation, and leave your position to a more suitable profile. (April 1)

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To International Consumer Research and Testing (ICRT)

Dear Sir or Madam,

Supportive of consumer rights and the important missions of consumers’ organizations, I would like to ask what your position is on the topic of subliminal advertising, on which I have made some research.

The following case studies deal with recently published advertisements (March 2015), many of them advertising multinationals’ brands and designed for global marketing. (April 4, 2015)

No answer.

Hello, is anybody in? Here’s the taxpayer who pays you!

No answer.

For the sake of accuracy, your name ought to be ICRNT: International Consumer Research and No Testes.

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Horror movie The Exorcist, about a Catholic priest fighting the Devil in the good old ways, uses subliminal techniques. Hence the many faints, nauseas, mental collapses necessitating psychiatric intervention among theater patrons when the film was released. Yet horror movies had been played on the screens for decades and none had had such impact on the viewers, because those films did not manipulate unconscious mind structures with subliminal techniques. As an example, the soundtrack for The Exorcist was embedded with the sound of humming bees at subliminal level, in order to trigger panic. It was an experiment in mind manipulation. (For more details on the subliminal elements in The Exorcist, read Media Sexploitation, 1976, by Wilson Bryan Key. See also this blog’s Index for my series on Subliminals in published advertising.)

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In Hormones, Sex, and Society: The Science of Physicology (1994) by Helmuth Nyborg, I find a paradox. It seems to me that a male androtype-1 should not choose an estrotype-1 as a spouse, since the latter will have, as Nyborg describes it, “higher libido” and the androtype-1 is not particularly well endowed in this respect. Hence, he should make a more “sex-stereotypic choice” with respect to finding a spouse, that is, he should depart from what Physicology predicts (that he will not be sex-stereotypical). What I mean by “should” is what he would do if he knew Physicology a bit. This is the paradox. The only solution to it, as far as I can see, would be that Physicology predicts that androtypes-1 do not object to their spouses’ promiscuity, nor to bringing up children sired by other men. A rather odd prediction in terms of evolutionary genetics.

Also, I would like to stress that our current “managerial elite” is recruited on personality criteria amongst which extroversion is perhaps the most important in the organization recruiters’ eyes. Which means the hormotype index of the American/European managerial elite is not likely to be 1 or 2 (maybe not even 3), nor it is this likely to be otherwise in the near future, whereas Nyborg claims that loner, intellectual androtypes are called to make up the elite.

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To Hollaback! (In their own wods, ‘Hollaback! is a global, people-powered movement to end harassment. We work together to ensure equal access to public spaces.’)

Having seen on Internet a video of yours in which a young woman is filmed by a hidden camera walking in Manhattan, it reminds me of a news report on the same topic and with the same technique I saw a few years ago on French TV, and of my own situation even though I’m a man.

I live in Paris where I do quite a lot of walking, not seldom by myself. My experience is that some people feel free to abuse verbally, in a sneaky way, lone persons in the street whose outward appearance they happen not to like.

I have conjectured that many people, walking alone in the street, resort to listening to music or to calling someone on their mobile phone in order primarily to prevent their being abused in such a way, or at least to escape noticing it.

Some vulgarized notions of psychology likely will evoke a paranoid state of mind. The very idea of paranoia, however, may well contribute to the spreading of sneaky verbal abuse. (As a matter of fact, the person abused may even be abused by being called a ‘paranoiac’ by his or her surreptitious abuser.) (April 2015)

No answer. (My point, as the reader understands, is that harassment in the street is not limited to female victims. In my experience, verbal abuse not seldom comes from women.)

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El Mallarmé «profeta» ha introducido intelectualismo en la poesía, y la poesía ha muerto casi. Todo ésto, las abstractas reflexiones o elucubraciones sobre el lenguaje y qué sé yo, es demasiado árido, y no muy riguroso tampoco como razonamiento y los filósofos lo hacen mejor.

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There was in the past of Christian Europe a mighty enemy in the East: the Ottoman Empire. A mighty colossus, it nearly obliterated Christianity on several occasions, as when its armies besieged Vienna, twice.

At the head of such powerful armies, numerous as the waves of the ocean, were the dreaded Janissaries, a slave brotherhood of Albanian origin. They were the gate-keepers of the Bab-i Ali.

O what convulsions in the misty mountains of Albania, when this people too vindicated its freedom!

This video [Te Rrapi ne Mashkullore, sung by Irini Qirjako, with images from some (Albanian?) motion picture] shows scenes of the Albanian national struggle, here culminating with the assassination of a Turkish Basha or Bimbashi. The lyrics talk of a Bimbashi several times, as a portent of awesome and dreadful forces.

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There is that taylor in my neighborhood, Mercan, an Armenian. I brought him a pair of trousers not long ago. He told me that with such fabric these trousers would last me ten more years. Now they have a big hole in the bottom. You can’t trust Armenians…

Mercan is the Devil. For one there’s his accent. It took me some time to understand at last what he says when he’s greeting me. He says “Ça va, mon ami ?” (Howdy, my friend?) and I was hearing something like “Ça va, Mehmet Ali ?” (Howdy, Mehmet Ali?) I thought he was mocking me in his nasty Armenian ways…

He’s a stutterer. He says “Merci, mon-mon ami” (Thanks, my-my friend) and I hear “Merci, Mehmet Ali“, like he’s mocking me. Like the devil he is…

One day I needed to have my trousers enlarged at the waist. He said, “Okay, but think about a diet, Mehmet Ali!” And he laughed. He’s the Devil…

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Russian émigrés were all with Hitler, especially after Operation Barbarossa and the onslaught against USSR. They had brought the Protocols of the Elders of Zion to Germany, they had brought them to the USA, even to Manchuria and Japan. There’s even a book which claims they are the true inspiration of Hitler and the Nazi party. Grand-dukes and grand-duchesses were with Hitler. The heir to the Russian throne was with Hitler (and he was spied upon by the Gestapo at the same time). All the former White army was with Hitler and joined the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS on the Eastern front. The popes were with Hitler. Czarists, Solidarists, Fascists were with Hitler. Georgians and Tatars were with Hitler and they fought the Résistance in Corrèze where my grandparents were living their humble lives (my grandfather was once taken hostage). Caucasian Muslims were with Hitler, and Stalin made them pay the price after the war.

I spent years collecting thousands of names of people involved on the side of Nazism and Fascism, from every country: Cossack White Army officers, Albanian gurus of mystic tariqas, French anarchists, Australian aborigines (true!), Afro-Americans, Indian nationalists, Indonesian nationalists, Khmer nationalists, Pu Yi the last emperor of China, Turkish Turanians, British aristocracy, the then King of Sweden and his son the present King of Sweden, Knut Hamsun, the Muslim Brotherhood and Nasser of Egypt, the Shah of Iran and the future Ayatollah Khomeini, etc. etc. A long list. I spent years on it, I don’t know what to do with that work.

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De hecho yo no había escuchado la canción Aviateur, cantada por Véronique Jannot, hace desde muchos años. Me la propuso YouTube, al escuchar yo otra cosa. Entonces me volvieron memorias de mi niñez. No son memorias de mi casa porque mis padres no miraban programas de televisión populares, con canciones y tales cosas. Pero, de vacaciones, nos quedamos con mis hermanos en la casa de abuelos o a veces de tíos, en el campo. Gente más popular y no tan educada como mis padres, y ellos miraban esos programas populares, y nosotros con ellos. Y me gustaba, de niño. Después, de adolescente, ya no me gustaba el campo. Me aburría, no podía hacerme amigos con los jóvenes, aunque me enamoré de una morena, S., cuyos padres tenían un comercio de bicicletas. Era una tontería. Le declaré mi amor y, como ella no cayó en mis brazos al oírlo no más, lo abandoné todo. Una tontería, pero era bonita la hija del vendedor de bicicletas… De adolescente, las vacaciones en el campo eran malas. De niño era otra cosa. Gente sencilla, televisión popular, una Francia que tal vez aún ya no existe.

Véronique Jannot and I are of the same breed, de pelo y ojos castaños. But her talent has been exploited by foreigners, Armenians. Besides, her very artist name (if it’s not her real name) is a joke, because it alludes to Jeannot Lapin*. I want to make clear that this sort of popular culture has something very shallow about it, which makes it unbearable to refined minds. Only the exhaustion of a working life can create a need for that kind of shallow entertainment. The producers are all foreigners, alien, exploitative Armenians.

*D’après internet, Jannot est son vrai nom. Elle aurait dû choisir un nom de scène plus glamour : Véronique Davies, Véronique Crawford-Jones, Veronica Lamborghini…

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Pearl of the Mediterranean
Mersin
Where will I find you now?
So balmy
The lemon trees
Iridescent
Perlaceous sky
What fills my eyes with tears?
O the sea at Mersin!

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Fragrances like attar of rose…

Vuelan azahares
jarabe de rosa beberé
almíbar de rosa saciará mi sed ardiente
miles de mirtos para tenderle arropes suaves
Encantadora es la rosa en el jardín de luna
Canta, bello ruiseñor, por la rosa que te llena de dulzura

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In France the name Fatma was used as a common name to designate a North-African girl (as there are many migrants from North Africa in France). For example: “Did you see that fatma?” Then it designated any girl, whatever her background, for example: “Did you see that fatma?” And then it came to be abbreviated as “fat,” (prononcer « fatt ») for example: “Will there be fats at that party?” (Il y aura des fatts à cette soirée ?) At least that was so in my teens.

I distinctly remember occurrences when the word was used by my friends and myself (by the way we were all white, middle-class teenagers). For instance, during a summer vacation in Spain we used to call Spanish girls “fats” among us. And there’s a joke. While we were in Spain, near Valencia, there were several days of feria with bulls, “toros.” Several toros were involved and they had a leader, so to speak. One day, one of our group, talking about this leading bull, called him “le taureau mère,” as we talk of a “vaisseau mère” (mother-ship) in a fleet of ships. But “mother-bull” was really ridiculous, so we laughed and someone said: “You mean ‘le taureau fatt’ (the fatma-bull)!”

But we didn’t say fatma to girls, as they would have beaten us up.

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3 Poems to O.

(2014)

You didn’t tell me you’d take my heart away.

You didn’t tell me you’d always be in my dreams, at the cost of a life. But what is a life worth comparing with such dreams?

You didn’t tell me that, because of my memories of you, I’d be like a madman always by my thoughts. But what worth is soundness of mind compared to such lunacy?

You didn’t tell me my memories of you would be more real to me than reality. But what is reality worth, you tell me, in the shadow of one memory like these?

You didn’t tell me there would be no more seasons but the summer of your smile.

You didn’t tell me there would be a never-ending day from the day on when you said: One plus one makes one. Did you say so, by the way, or is it my imagination?

You didn’t tell me you’d break my heart in two so that one plus nothing makes a funny two: a crazy man.

You didn’t tell me one is not just one but also the one and only, so this one can’t be counted like any other one because in a way this one is a bit too much – especially being away.

You didn’t tell me I’d have to know the effect of spending some time by your side and then (as a punishment for what crime?) I’d have to know the effect of spending my whole life and perhaps even an eternity without you.

You didn’t tell me it wasn’t just two people in a given place at a given time, but two people one of whom would be forever out of space and time.

You didn’t tell me that was just a serious game so that not only would I lose my bid but also I would lose my mind.

You didn’t tell me I was to be there with you for a few days and then you wouldn’t be by my side until the end of time. Yet that’s not too high a price because there can be no such thing as too high a price for what I’m talking about.

You didn’t tell me you’d make a fool of me and I would be glad. Had you told me, I wouldn’t have believed you, for I was a fool. Born to be a fool: that’s what you should have told me.

You didn’t tell me…

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Yes but…

Yes but it’s only a dream.

–Yes but this is only a life.

.

Yes but what’s more precious than life?

–Yes but it’s made precious from dreams.

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Tears

If I could see your eyes
Then you would see
The moonlight on the sea
(Your eyes the moon
My tears the see)

Invasion of the Subhuman Politicos (Tweetantho 8)

August-September 2017

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A lot of people don’t like Hitler because he gave their ideas a bad name.

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Scientists have been able to show that the short-term immune response to an immediate parasite attack typically is costly in energy. … Chickens reared in germ-free environments enjoy about a 25 percent gain in body weight compared to those raised in conventional environments.” (Robert Trivers, The Folly of Fools, 2011). I call the attention of Skræling Hippie to this finding. If true, then the well-named Skræling Hippie was reared amidst maximum germ load to become naturally strong and only got exhausted, couldn’t build flesh and bone.

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It is cool how the sun is 400 times bigger and 400 times farther away than the moon allowing the almost perfect overlap. I love coincidences. (John Parker)

If a mathematician estimated the probability for this, he’d probably conclude it’s so minute that you can rule out the fact…

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Abaya On Ice: Two Qatari Women Iceskating. Doha City Center Mall, Qatar, Aug 2017.

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Ah Paris (capital of la France), its grosses pétasses… Paris as romantic as a finger in the a**

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Chinese-American actress Chloe Bennet voices for equal rights in Hollywood. (People’s Daily, China)

“Hollywood… wouldn’t cast her with a last name that made them ‘uncomfortable.’” Everything that sounds foreign makes an American uncomfortable.

U.S. is the major Western country with least media correspondents abroad. Adamantly isolationist in their heads and yet interventionist in fact! My source: “U.S. citizens are generally at a disadvantage in understanding foreign policy. Some is due to  indifference because of its two protective oceans. Some arises from the extraordinary fact that the United States, the world’s only superpower, has fewer correspondents permanently stationed in foreign capitals than any other major Western nation. The result for U.S. media is a remarkably small pool of expertise on foreign culture and politics within their own organizations.” (Ben H. Bagdikian, The New Media Monopoly, 2004)

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En su libro de 2006 ‘Historia general de al-Andalus’ niega [Emilio González Ferrín] la invasión islámica de 711 y la Reconquista. (Ibn Maher Kabak)

La imposibilidad material de la invasión tal como descrita en las crónicas árabes fue sacada por Ignacio Olagüe (La revolución islámica en Occidente, 1974) de los escritos del general Edouard Brémont, “el Lawrence francés”. Las crónicas árabes hablan de la conquista como de un milagro, y de veras, examinando a lo dicho, sí que lo fuese… En realidad, el islam unitario encontro terreno fértil en el arrianismo unitario mayoritario en España contra una minoría trinitaria opresora. En Córdoba capital del espíritu Roger Garaudy sigue a Olagüe: “En el siglo 8 lo que se introduce en Europa no son los árabes, sino el Islam.” (Sin embargo, Garaudy no sigue Olagüe a proposito de la origen preislámica de la mezquita de Córdoba.) Y, respecto a la llamada Reconquista, como lo escribe Olagüe ¿puede hablarse de reconquista cuando duró 800 años y la conquista árabe supuestamente sólo un par de años?…

Con los godos se introdujo el arrianismo, que más tarde fue perseguido por los propios reyes godos. Los “árabes” de la “invasión” fueron bereberes de la provincia goda de África del norte, la Tingitana: soldados norteafricanos mandados por godos en socorro del arrianismo español.

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Experts estimate there are still thousands of unexploded WWII bombs in Germany : 60.000 people were evacuated in this Frankfurt neighborhood in Sept. 2017 to allow for the diffusion of a massive bomb. (Al Jazeera English)

The biggest problem may be, if recent research on the progress of the Third Reich’s nuclear program is right, a couple of nuclear reactors rotting underground…

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Britons are convinced that the aim of their empire was to grant colored people access to reading Peter Pan by James Barrie.

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You Better Believe the Cleveland Police Responded to the Browns Players Who Took a Knee: Police union not happy with kneeling Browns players. (Townhall) [The players take a knee during the national anthem as a protest against what they see as police brutality in the country.]

Conscientious objection is a human right. Police expressing disapproval over this right being exerted are being, I think, anticonstitutional. [That was before POTUS himself expressed his disapproval…]

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According to anthropologists Draper & Harpending, girls raised by single moms are promiscuous. (Source:  “The anthropologists Patricia Draper and Henry Harpending found a strong correlation between a woman’s mating strategy and the degree to which she experienced paternal investment during childhood. On average, women raised in a home without the presence of an investing father pursue an ‘opportunistic’ reproductive strategy, which is characterized by early sexual activity, multiple partners, and early and frequent reproduction in the context of short-term relationships.” David Buller, Adapting Minds, 2005)

You now know where to find and get ’em, boys!

Draper & Harpending conclude that the absence of an investing father gives the girl clues of a polygamous world, rather than to give fun-seeking boys clues of fewer obstacles. And for sure – what obstacle is a Christian dad?

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A message of hope to Zio’s: According to latest research, there is no fatality in being subhumans. You can improve. #Palestine

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It is estimated that 27 million people around the world are enslaved today, 80 percent being sex workers (Bin Jelmood House, Mshreireb Museums, Doha). That makes 21.6M sex slaves in the world, typically women forced into prostitution by maffias. – And yet men are monogamous? Taking an average of 10 clients per day (which for these slaves – perhaps contrary to voluntary prostitutes – may even be low), that makes 216M men served each day. At this rate it takes current sex slaves about 17 days to serve the entire male population of the world (3.8 billion). Less than 2 weeks if you substract little boys from potential clients.

From another source, 40 to 42 million prostitutes would be at work. According to Global Perspectives on Prostitution, 43% of prostitutes receive more than 8 clients per day, 47% between 5 and 8, 10% between 1 and 4.

The average annual income of a US prostitute would be $290,000 ($24,165 per month) => to their pimps! This is 3.6 times the mean income of a US white household ($80,000), thus 7.2 times that of a white person. #jetset

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U.S. Mean Household Income (source Wkpd): Asian $90,752 / White $79,340. White is about 0.85 of Asian. Who’s the boss now?

To whites who want to end Affirmative Action: Don’t saw off the branch we’re sitting on, we’ll be craving for it soon! (IQ maniacs are the fifth column of the yellow peril.)

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The world makes too much bread. A 1/3 of US bread goes to waste & surplus factory output is killing small bakeries. (Ken Rutkowski)

What if the aim is to kill small bakeries? Is there anything they can do but die?

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A thought on T.E. Lawrence, “Lawrence of Arabia.” It is peculiar that the survivor of so many war events died on a quiet Dorset road–en route to discussing plans for meeting Hitler.

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At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance, by Danielle L. McGuire. (United Black Books)

At the street’s dark end, raping a black woman is less conspicuous. Knowledge for Prevention.

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Focus on what matters and let go of what doesn’t. [An example among zillions of the kind of shallow wisdom bots flood Twitter with]

Sometimes I’m afraid to become a bot.

One day I’m going to kill a bot.

Now a bot may ban me for what I’ve just said. Remember the Japanese guy with his mosquito. [A Japanese user was banned from Twitter for tweeting death threats to a mosquito roaming his room and posting a photo of the mosquito dead. It was said he had been banned according to the standard procedure, that is, by a bot following the algorithm.]

That would be the first time banishing a user is justified from the bot’s point of view. Sort of AI self-defense. [PS. I wasn’t banned.]

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Free markets are the spin by which our privileged legitimate their privileges. But they don’t exist except as spin.

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Hekmet Fahmy the Egyptian belly dancer who spied for the Third Reich. link

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It has taken the coalition two years to reconquer half the territories ISIS had conquered in –how long?– a couple of weeks?

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Prince William escorts Prince George to his first day of school, just like his mom Princess Diana escorted him in 1987. (Today)

Prince William is not Prince George’s mom, though.

And what was doing Prince George’s mommy, may I ask?

First day of school? Snow on the ground? September…London… [A detective commenting on the picture with Princess Diana escorting her son William. Answer from another user:] Thought that was odd but when I checked his first day was in January for some reason.

And was his last day in January too for some reason? The very same day for some reason? Would the reason be that Prince William never went to school and remained at the royal palace but they needed to make a picture showing that he was going to school with other children?

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Over 366,000 people have signed a petition demanding Aung San Suu Kyi’s Nobel Peace Prize be revoked over violence against Rohingya Muslims. (AJ+)

How do you know she won’t get a second Nobel Peace Prize over Rohingya issue as it is dealt with now?

I don’t think anyone would reward her for staying silent.

Only wait until Israel is the one deciding who’s to get the Nobel Peace Prize.

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Wall Street => Wailing Wall Street. Source: Presidente Juan José Arévalo #Guatemala #antiimperialista

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Number of legal terminated pregnancies in U.S. in 1996: 1.36M. U.S. population in 1996: 270M. That’s about 1 abortion for every 100 women (all ages). I don’t know the U.S. age pyramid exactly but as a guesstimate that would make one abortion for every 65-70 fertile women. Each year.

Number of births in U.S. in 1996: 3.9M. 3.9/1.36 = 2.8 = birth-to-abortion ratio, that is, one abortion for every 2.8 births.

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China’s Economy Will Overtake the US in 2018. (Forbes) / The EU economy is larger than that of the US. Does that make the EU the global leader – in anything? Aggregate statistics simply aggregate. (Salvatore Babones, author of American Tianxia: Chinese Money, American Power and the End of History, 2017)

EU isn’t as integrated, remains a fictitious entity.

I don’t know what statistics they’re using. In PPP terms it’s already larger. In F/X terms much smaller. But that doesn’t really mean much. (Babones)

It means America will have to teach her children that the first economy in the world (as to GDP ppp) is communist, atheistic, undemocratic China. lol

Total GDP really isn’t a meaningful statistic, but if you really think that China is the world’s leading economy, more power to you! (Babones)

It seems that GDP is meaningful when U.S. is the first world GDP and it isn’t meaningful when U.S. is first no more. Besides, it’s the trends. U.S. has just been taken over. Give it a little time.

Do you know these figures from U.S. on Asian vs White income ? U.S. Mean Household Income: Asian $90,752 / White $79,340. Chinese communities overseas are an asset for China, no doubt. On the other hand, there are no Yankee communities overseas. Also, China’s IQ is 105, US’s is 98, & China’s IQ is still crippled by poverty and, although it is improving fast, backward education (both exerting developmental strains on individuals).

You understand that Salvatore’s close friend, Wang Gungwu, wrote an entire book explaining that you can’t lump the whole diaspora together? You understand that one of the biggest Chinese diaspora communities (Singapore) has slang words in the local dialect mocking Chinese people?

Yes, I do. You also find American slang words mocking Americans from this or that state.

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Looting begins in Florida. Rest assured, any bookshops will be completely safe. (Paul Joseph Watson, of Prison Planet, legending a photo showing blacks looting a shoe store)

Well, this is looting but the goods are going to be damaged by water if no one removes them, and I’m sure the owners are insured for flood. Interestingly this looting is zero harm: insurances will pay for the damages made by the hurricane, looting or not. It’s called windfall. The goods are lost for everyone who doesn’t take them, and insurance will pay for flood damages, looting or not.

Windfall is routine business practice. Let me give you an example: You organize a show but it’s cancelled due to a hurricane. Customers are entitled to a refund, only a few ask: this is windfall. Many businesses will get windfall from Hurricane Irma: tickets preordered, money cashed in, shows cancelled, refund waived by many. Jackpot.

[As a user told me the “loopholes” I described were not the same as looting, I added the following] Many businesses cancel shows after a terror attack – for what reason? For people ask no refund because of commotion. I’m not talking of businesses impacted by an attack, but of venues sometimes dozens of kilometers away. Cancelling all their shows for a week or ten days! Yet the government said nothing, only to be careful… Jackpot! Multiball!

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Photo of Paul Joseph Watson, @PrisonPlanet, at his Charlottesville lecture on Why I Am Proud of My Blue Eyes. [Irony]

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Muslim cleric Yusuf al-Qaradawi removed from Interpol wanted list. (Al Jazeera English)

How many people, then, are on Interpol’s wanted list for no good reason?

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Primatologist Frans de Waal isn’t subtle: He imputes the state of Ceausescu’s orphanages, in Romania, to John B. Watson and American behaviorism. [The Age of Empathy, 2009, pp. 13-4]

Enron’s CEO, Jeff Skilling –now in prison– was a great fan of Richard Dawkins’s The Selfish Gene” (Frans de Waal, Ibid.) lol All geniuses are misunderstood; apparently, not all the misunderstood are geniuses.

In his books influential primatologist Frans de Waal spreads, in passing, the canard about lampshades made of Jews’ skin by German manufacturers. [He does in his above quoted book at least.]

Frans de Waal the influential primatologist: “In 2007 Time selected him as one of the world’s hundred most influential people.” #lampshades

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How come today Darwinians say the strict exact opposite of Darwinians yesterday? Cf. William Chapple’s The Fertility of the Unfit, 1903. There’s a Darwinian contradiction in terms in such a book’s title, which a Darwinian couldn’t fail to see, and yet they endorsed the paradox. As if they saw something to which today’s Darwinians, back to basic primatology, are blind. On the other hand, if instead of relying on male dominance models we rely on homogamy models, the contradiction is solved.

[It turns out Frans de Waal, again, is largely responsible for that “back to basic primatology” movement I have been talking about. On this phrase, first, it is a way of speaking, of course: Primatology has made great progress since the days of eugenicism, but what is new also is the dubious application of primate alpha male dominance models to human societies, according to which high-status men are the equivalent of alpha gorillas in their gorilla harems. And here Frans de Waal is alleged to have played a major role: “Now, if the evidence for the claim that females prefer high-status males is as weak as I’ve made out, why is the claim so widely accepted? I think the reason is that we are captivated by a particular picture of the relation between sex and status among our primate relatives, and this picture affects our perception of human mating. It is widely accepted that among non-human primates high-status males have greater mating success than males lower in the status hierarchy. This belief is due partly to the popularity of the engaging work of the primatologist Frans de Waal, who has been one of the main purveyors of this idea.” (David Buller, Adapting Minds, 2005)

*

Right-wingers are “the unfit” eugenicists warned about. Hard-working, they say. What is it that makes work so hard for them if not their genetic deficiency?

*

Avocados sold in France as coming from Colombia in fact come from Israel. Good news: BDS is working. [This tweet and the few next ones are basically retweets of pictures and short videos from French user Opération Boycott, who photographed fraudulent labels in various department stores around the country. The misleading labels are aimed at concealing that the products come from Israel. I won’t post all pictures, as I don’t find the vegetables corner of a department store to be a particularly exciting place. Sorry. Feel free to pay a visit to Opération Boycott’s Twitter page.]

Avocados sold in France as coming from Chili and yet they come from Israel. Are people nauseated by Israeli avocados?

People are so nauseated by Israeli products that stores in France sell Israeli avocados as coming from Spain.

Fraudsters a gogo: Big poster origin Mexico, small label (true) origin Israel.

People are so nauseated by Israeli products that Jaffa mandarins from Israel are sold as being from France. Frenchie thinks he’s supporting local production and in fact he buys Israeli mandarins unbeknownst to him… Psha! / C’est grave. Le client qui pense acheter local pour soutenir la production locale en fait achète des produits israéliens !/

Fraudster Madness. These oranges are labelled both “Products of France” & “Israel Imports.” Consumer is king so they drive him crazy.

If you tell the consumer a product is from Israel it will make her want to vomit, so you sell Israeli avocados as coming from Spain.

Now you will see why they fraudulently resort to fake labels on products from nauseating Israel:

*

The word meme, coined by Richard Dawkins, is so pointless that only the far right uses it.

Picture of Dr Richard Dawkins thinkin hard about memes:

*

They say sport (as circus show) is a good catharsis to nationalist sentiments. I say sport feeds nationalist sentiments.

*

[Panda] Qiao Yi has good table manners: after milk, let nanny wipe her mouth and be a clean girl again. (iPanda)

Why give milk to pandas and, as we do, to cats when biologists tell us only humans have gene for lactose tolerance after weaning?

Picture: Lactose-intolerant hedgehog and cat sharing a cup of milk. I ain’t sayin biologists are wrong but… it’s bluffing.

*

Reclaiming America’s Values” (an article by Joe Biden in New York Times)

This propaganda picture is so appealing to Americans because it subliminally depicts anal sex between two men.

The shaft is also the front man’s prick, with which he’s penetrating something or rather someone concealed to the viewer, thrusting doggy-style.

Five guys to raise a flag… and yet they only see the front man’s buttocks. American pervs.

It’s known the picture was made up and the guys were posing. Yet few realize it doesn’t take five guys fondling each other to raise a flagpole like the one shown. This is homoerotic porn in the guise of patriotic propaganda.

*

In our series We Learn from Fascists, today: Gini coefficient. From Corrado Gini, founder of the Fascist “Central Institute of Statistics,” 1927.

In our series Patented in the Third Reich, today : maglev (magnetic levitation). Hermann Kemper, 1934, Reichspatent Nummer 643316.

*

Is it proven that my genes can better replicate overall while I’m alive than when I’m back to dust?

*

The aim of love is not reproduction but love songs.

*

Científica mexicana Leticia Corral corrige a Stephen Hawking y recibe reconocimiento mundial. (Perfecto)

Sin embargo, igual que Hawking ella postula un universo finito (tiene forma de), lo que llama la pregunta absurda: ¿Qué hay más alla del universo? De lo que hablan no deberían llamarlo universo (“el todo”) sino una provincia. Tal vez una autonomía, a mí eso no me importa.

Hawking y otros se sirven de las matemáticas para hacer metafísica. Es original.

Para la lógica más allá del todo no hay nada, para la física hay “la” nada, es decir un espacio, con ciertas propiedades. Y el todo penetra la nada.

Como en realidad no puede pensarse ni un universo finito ni un universo infinito, en realidad el espacio no es una propiedad objetiva del universo.

Si no pensamos sin contradicciones (Gödel), lo que intuimos y pensamos no es la natura ya que ésta no puede contradecirse sin dejar de ser.

*

No one can deny Osama Bin Laden‘s steadiness. As he frowned in life, in death he frowned. Proof in pictures. #FakeNews

Allow me a doubt on second thought: Is it true that this pic of dead Osama was broadcast by official channels?

I believe so. Below is a still from CNN news report. (Mara O.)

[Of course, the fact that this blatant forgery has been circulated on the Web has raised lofty comments about “conspiracy theories” being ablaze. One of those explains that “The White House has decided not to release any pictures of bin Laden.” That was the point of my question above. The fact that a TV channel with a reputation of seriousness has broadcast a forgery as genuine is a serious problem too which, as far as I know, has remained undiscussed by debunkers of conspiracy theories. So, on the website of that particular debunker I posted the following remark: “The doctored picture was broadcast by CNN News as a genuine photo of Bin Laden’s corpse, under the head ‘US Kills Osama in Pak.’ I’ve got a still. Please be aware, then, that not only ‘people’ are suckers, but also the mass media and their journos, on which the people rely for their information.” Now, if the still I am relying on here turns out to be a forgery too, please let me know.]

*

There are two ways of being antinationalist: being a globalist or being a nationalist (anti all others except MY sweet sweet dear Nation).

Think of nationalist champion Viktor Orban (Hungary): He’s against an Austrian law favoring Austrian workers in Austria. You bet he is!

*

Malaysia’s first ever craft beer festival was axed because of a direct Islamist militant threat to the event (Newsweek)

Some want to make Muslim countries accept beer festivals but would they accept muezzin calls in Western cities?

*

Invasion of the Subhuman Politicos – Who Can Stop the Slime Flood?

*

Western democracy is all about criminalizing dissent. No more censorship bureaus but more and more laws criminalizing speech. Holocaust-denial laws (not a minor offense: a crime), on the way Israel-slandering laws (a crime), &c. Censorship bureaus have been replaced by lobbying for speech-criminalizing bills being passed by Congress. The lobbies and Congresses of the world will drive us to that society where only AI bots can talk.

*

Dark matter makes up most of the universe but we can only detect it from its gravitational effects, no one knows whats creating the gravity. (John Parker)

In fact dark matter is one more ad hoc theorization aimed at squaring inconvenient facts => theoretical glut

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You’re free to take a knee during the Anthem. POTUS is free to criticize you. And we’re free to turn you off. And that’s what’s happening. (Joe Walsh, radio host and former congressman)

Turning people off for their opinion may be an offense under the American constitution, providing it protects freedom of opinion. Clearly, if you must lose your livelihood because of your opinions, these opinions are not protected and there’s no freedom of opinion. An employer has no say on his or her employee’s opinions: a business contract is different from feudal lordship.

*

Good find.

[Yet my correspondent claimed the man was a certain American rabbi Shlomo Ettinger working for Mossad. When I asked for his source, he linked, without comment, to an article in fact debunking the idea that the ubiquitous Islamic rage boy is rabbi Ettinger…]

The linked article is rather convincing that “Islamic rage boy” is not NYC pusher rabbi Ettinger but the Kashmiri Shakeel Ahmad Bhat. The author, however, seems to believe that Islamic rage boy is genuine, but he’s an obvious agent provocateur of a cyberage kind, paid by Israel, India or others. This pic is from the article:

Look at ubiquous Islamic Rage Boy compared with Muslim protesters around him. He’s a scam. Islamic Rage Boy has been selected by his paymasters (Mossad or others) for his particularly ugly, alarming grimaces.

*

Politicos are turds, journos are turds, and yet democracy’s good? => mierdocracia (Ernesto Cardenal)

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No one remembers Lionel Jospin* and yet the man, first was stoned by Arabs in Jerusalem, then was beaten by Jean-Marie Le Pen at elections. *(Prime Minister of France 1997-2002)

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Franco was harsh with Catalans, eh? What about French parliamentarism with French Catalan provinces? Catalan rooted out: Frenchied their a**!

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Hastag Games

#UnlikelyRoyalBabyNames [Context: A new royal baby on the way in UK]

Adolf (Or is it a likely name?) [cf Edward VIII]

Moron the Great

Bashir Yusuf. Still unlikely.

Dirty Diana

Covfefe

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#GetOutOfJuryDutyIn4Words

Covfefe MAGA IrmaHurricane Israel

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Podesta Knobster Risotto #AutocorrectARecipe [For a refresher see Tweetantho 1]

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God save the Queen #TalkLikeAPirateDay

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#MyTipsForMentalHealth

Watch more porn

Watch more advertising

Buy more stuff

Plastic surgery (DM me for the best address)

Follow me

Do as I say

Join the cult

Be a hard-working American lol

Eugenics and Euthanasia

September 30, 2017

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Americanismos V: Guaraní

Nous poursuivons notre onomasticon d’americanismos en langue espagnole par la présente série tirée du Gran Diccionario de lengua guaraní (1987) du philologue paraguayen Máximo Ricardo Dacunda Díaz (décédé en 2006), ci-après DD.

Certaines des entrées qui suivent figurent déjà dans nos séries précédentes, et c’est pourquoi nous renvoyons à plusieurs reprises à tel ou tel numéro, car le DD, un dictionnaire à la fois guarani-espagnol et espagnol-guarani (assorti d’une grammaire et d’une partie documentaire sur la culture guarani : céramique, artisanat, numération, connaissances astronomiques…), s’étend assez peu, dans la partie lexicale, sur les considérations ethnographies et historiques, au contraire du Diccionario general de americanismos (1942) du Mexicain Francisco J. Santamaría (ci-après FS) dont nous nous sommes servis presque exclusivement jusque-là. Le guarani a au Paraguay le statut de langue officielle au même titre que l’espagnol, et un dictionnaire espagnol-guarani a donc dans ce pays une finalité pratique immédiate.

Dans le même esprit que les précédentes séries (I-IV) (voir Index), le choix des mots retenus est largement idiosyncratique et n’est motivé ni par la fréquence ou l’importance culturelle ni par quelque autre considération de méthode que ce soit, mais par la recherche de ce que j’appellerais une typicité extraordinaire des « objets » considérés, dans une optique de collectionneur, presque de cabinet de curiosités, poétique et philosophique.

De même que précédemment, je complèterai ces entrées, dans la mesure du possible, par des exemples tirés de la littérature, quand j’en rencontrerai lors de mes lectures.

Ce qui me conduit à la troisième source de cette série, le Diciónario brasileiro da língua portuguesa en ligne de la maison d’édition Michaelis (ci-après BR). En l’occurrence, cela s’imposait car le nombre d’americanismos d’origine guarani, ou tupi-guarani, en portugais du Brésil est significatif.

La seule source pour l’extraction des mots a été le DD et, quand j’ai pu trouver le terme dans le FS et/ou le BR, j’ai ajouté les définitions de ces derniers, qui apportent souvent un complément utile.

Les définitions espagnoles et portugaises sont traduites par moi-même, avec mes commentaires entre crochets [ ].

*

Aarú. Bolo alimenticio preparado con carne triturada de tatú mezclada con fariña de mandioca, tribu Nambiguá, Brasil.

Pâte alimentaire à base de chair de tatou triturée et mélangée à de la farine de manioc, chez les Nambikwara du Brésil.

Aaru (m). Espécie de bolo de origem indígena, característico do povo nhambiquara, feito com tatu moqueado, inteiramente socado no pilão e ao qual se mistura massa de farinha de mandioca. (BR)

Espèce de gâteau d’origine indigène, caractéristique du peuple Nambikwara, fait de tatou grillé et haché au pilon, mêlé à une pâte de farine de manioc.

Abaré. Hombre diferente. Entre los tupis brasileros significa misionero, sacerdote.

« Homme différent », nom donné aux missionnaires chrétiens par les Tupis du Brésil.

Abaré, Avaré ou Abaruna (m). Designação dada pelos indígenas do Brasil ao sacerdote cristão: missionário, padre, em especial, os jesuítas. (BR)

Nom donné par les Indiens du Brésil au prêtre chrétien ; missionnaire, père, en particulier jésuite.

Ängá-pîtá. Luz mala en la noche.

Feu-follet (« lumière mauvaise ») dans la nuit.

Anguaî o Ibîrá Payé. Árbol del bálsamo; árbol mágico, curativo.

Arbre du baume ; arbre magique aux vertus médicinales.

Angurú. Fantasma.

Fantôme.

Añá. (adj) malo; (s) diablo, demonio. [Véase Aña: Americanismos III]

(Adj.) mauvais ; (subst.) diable, démon.

Añangá. Espíritu del mal.

L’esprit du mal.

Anhangá ou Anhanga (m). Espírito ou gênio que, segundo os indígenas brasileiros, protege os animais, tomando a forma de qualquer deles, para assustar o caçador ou pescador. 2 Fantasma, espectro ou visagem de gente, animal da terra, água ou ar, que amaldiçoa aquele que o vê. 3 Diabo. (BR)

«Muita gente dizia que aquilo era obra do vento, mas eu tenho a certeza que foi mesmo Anhanga, que é um não sei que diga muito miserável. Só vendo o fragoido que ele fazia na mata. –Mas você não o viu? –Deus me defenda de uma desgraça dessas, seu doutor! A gente fica estragado para o resto da vida. Dizem que ele é um homão de mais de três metros, mal empernado de cara, com a pele curtida e uns cabelos duros e torados que nem caraca de carnaúba. O pior é que ele encandeia pelos olhos e a gente fica peado na sua frente como qualquer mocó diante da sucurijú.» (Gastão Cruls, A Amazónia misteriosa)

Esprit ou génie qui, selon les Indiens du Brésil, protège les animaux, pouvant prendre la forme de n’importe lequel d’entre eux dans le but d’effrayer le chasseur ou le pêcheur. 2 Fantôme ou spectre d’une personne, d’un animal terrestre, marin ou aérien, dont l’apparition fait peser une malédiction sur celui qui la voit. 3 Diable.

Añá-ratá. Fuego del diablo.

Feu du diable.

Añangagüéra. Diablo viejo. 2 Apodo dado a los conquistadores portugueses en el Brasil.

Vieux diable. 2 Sobriquet donné aux conquistadores portugais du Brésil.

Aosó. Mitología: Ser de la fecundidad.

Dans la mythologie guarani, l’être de la fécondité.

Arabú. Comida que se hace con huevos de tortuga, fariña y azúcar, por los guaraníes del Brasil.

Plat à base d’œufs de tortue, de farine de manioc et de sucre chez les Guaranis du Brésil.

Arabu ou Abunã (m). Iguaria amazonense, feita como pirão, com ovos de tartaruga, tracajá ou outro quelônio; leva farinha de mandioca e, muitas vezes, açúcar. (BR)

Un mets amazonien, semblable à la bouillie de manioc, à base d’œufs de tortue ou d’autres quéloniens, de farine de manioc et souvent de sucre.

Ararambói. Ofidio de coloración verde y líneas amarillas, que vive trepado a los árboles. Se alimenta de pájaros pequeños.

Ophidien à la peau verte veinée de jaune, qui vit suspendu dans les arbres. Il se nourrit de petits oiseaux. [Connu en français sous le nom de boa émeraude ou boa canin.]

Ararambói, araramboia, cobra-papagaio

Araramboia (f). Cobra-papagaio; serpente (Corallus caninus) da família dos boídeos, cujo dorso verde apresenta listras transversais amareladas e partes inferiores esbranquiçadas; araboia, arauemboia, jiboia-verde, periquitamboia.

« Cobra-perroquet », type de boa dont le corps est vert et présente des lignes transversales jaunes sur le dos et dont la partie inférieure est de couleur blanchâtre.

Ayacuá. Diablo pequeño con arco y flecha. [Véase Americanismos I]

Diablotin armé d’arc et de flèches. [Voir le mot dans Americanismos I, où ce faunesque génie est décrit un peu plus en détail.]

Caarö. (Español Caaró) Reducción Jesuítica de Guaraníes en el Oriente del Río Uruguay, donde fue muerto su fundador Padre Roque González de Santa Cruz en 15-11-1628, a manos de los Caciques Carupé y Aregoatí, de los aborígenes rebeldes Maraguá y Caburé, instigados por el Cacique Hechicero Ñezú, y éste influenciado por el diabólico Cacique Potivará. El padre Roque había fundado la Reducción de Caaró el 1° de noviembre de ese mismo año; y anteriormente otras importantes reducciones de guaraníes, como Yapeyú, San Francisco Javier de Tabatí, Candelaria de Caázapá Miní y otras. Según la historia de esta tragedia, Carupé arrancó el corazón del Padre mártir Roque González de Santa Cruz, y lo atravesó con una flecha, arrojándolo después al fuego. El corazón no se quemó, y actualmente se conserva en Asunción, Paraguay, su ciudad natal.

Nom d’une réduction de Guaranis fondée par les Jésuites à l’est du fleuve Uruguay et où fut mis à mort son fondateur, le père Roque Gonzalez de Santa Cruz, le 15 novembre 1628, aux mains des caciques Carupé et Aregoati des tribus rebelles Maragua et Caburé, subverties par le cacique sorcier Niezu, celui-ci sous l’influence du diabolique cacique Potivara. Le père Roque avait fondé la réduction de Caaro le 1er novembre de la même année, et d’autres importantes réductions guaranies auparavant, telles que Yapeyu, Saint François Xavier de Tabati, Candelaria de Caazapa Mini, et d’autres. Selon le récit qui est fait de cette tragédie, le chef Carupé arracha le cœur du père martyr et le transperça d’une flèche, avant de le jeter au feu. Le cœur ne se consuma point dans les flammes et il est actuellement conservé à Asuncion, au Paraguay, la ville natale du père Roque.

Caapí. [Planta] De ramas largas, de flores rosadas, del cual se extrae un alcaloide. Los hechiceros de las tribus lo utilizaron mucho en acciones curativas y en sesiones espirituales religiosas.

Plante aux longues lianes et aux fleurs roses, dont on extrait un certain alcaloïde. Les magiciens des tribus l’utilisaient fréquemment dans un but curatif ainsi qu’au cours de séances spirituelles religieuses. [C’est un autre nom de l’ayahuasca, un hallucinogène puissant : voir ce mot dans Americanismos I.]

Caapi (m). Planta lenhosa (Banisteriopsis caapi), da família das malpighiáceas, nativa da região amazônica, de folhas ovaladas e flores róseas em panículas, da qual se extrai a banistera, alcaloide com propriedades alucinógenas; cipó-jagube. (BR)

Plante ligneuse de la famille des malpighiacées, native de la région amazonienne, aux feuilles ovales et aux fleurs roses en panicules, de laquelle on extrait la « banistera », un alcaloïde hallucinogène.

Caá Póra. El Dueño-Fantasma del Bosque. Según el hechicero, cada vez que uno se interne en el bosque, debe solicitar permiso al Caá Póra. En la mitología tupí, Caá Póra se presentaba en forma de una mujer con una sola pierna y que caminaba dando saltos; o a veces se presentaba como un niño con cabeza muy grande.

Génie des forêts. Selon les magiciens, chaque fois que quelqu’un pénétre dans la forêt, il doit en demander la permission à Caa Pora. Dans la mythologie tupi, Caa Pora avait l’apparence d’une femme unijambiste qui chemine en sautillant ; ou bien il prenait autrement l’aspect d’un enfant pourvu d’une tête énorme.

Caapora ou Caipora (m o f). Ente fantástico originário da crença tupi, derivado do curupira, muito conhecido popularmente e que, conforme a região, é representado ora como uma mulher unípede, que anda aos saltos, ora como uma criança de cabeça enorme, ora como um caboclinho encantado, ora ainda como um duende sertanejo, cujos pés têm calcanhares para a frente e os dedos para trás e que anda montado em um porco selvagem e protege as caças, matas e florestas. Em todas essas versões da crendice popular, é, entretanto, associado à má sorte e à morte. (BR)

Être fantastique très connu des croyances tupi, dérivé du Curupira, et qui, selon les régions, est représenté sous l’aspect d’une femme unijambiste qui avance en sautillant ou bien comme un enfant à la tête énorme, un oiseau enchanté ou encore un génie agreste dont les pieds ont les talons devant et les doigts derrière, monté sur un cochon sauvage et protecteur de la faune et de la flore. Dans ces croyances populaires variées, il est toutefois toujours associé au mauvais sort et à la mort.

Caá-Yarîi. Mitología guaraní de Misiones, Arg. Dueña, patrona, abuela de la Yerba Mate. No ostante ser abuela, se la describe como una mujer joven y rubia, y es protectora de los yerbales.

Dans la région de Misiones, en Argentine, la patronne ou grande-mère de l’herbe maté. Bien qu’on parle de grand-mère, elle est décrite comme une jeune femme blonde [très atypique des Amérindiens en général et des Guaranis en particulier] et elle est la protectrice des prairies de maté.

Caátorî. Hierba de la alegría.

Herbe de la joie. [Un narcotique ?]

Caba tatú. Avispa productora de miel. Tiene el nombre de tatú por la similitud de su nido con la caparazón del tatú.

Une certaine guêpe productrice de miel, dont le nom de « guêpe-tatou » vient de la ressemblance de son nid avec la carapace du tatou.

Caba tatú, cabatatu, vespa-tatu, maribondo-tatu, tatucaba

Cabatatu (f). Vespa social (Synoeca cyanea) de coloração azul-metálica, com a cabeça avermelhada, que constrói ninhos em árvores com a forma de carapaça de tatu; maribondo-tatu, tatu, tatucaba, tatucaua, vespa-tatu. (BR)

Guêpe sociale de couleur bleue métallique et dont la tête tire sur le rouge, qui construit dans les arbres des nids en forme de carapace de tatou.

Caburé. Nombre vernáculo guaraní de un pequeño buho, del tamaño del puño. Caburé-í. Caburé de menor tamaño (Glaucidium nanum). En Corrientes y Misiones existe la creencia del Payé de Caburé-í. El Abá Payé (hombre hechicero) o Cuñá Payé (mujer hechicera) preparan el Payé, una pequeña bolsita que contiene plumas del Caburé-í, untada con particulas de sesos y con bermellón. Además del amor, la pluma de Caburé-í trae a su poseedor mucha suerte, en negocios y juegos de azar. [Véase Payé en Americanismos I.] (FS caburé, caburey)

Nom vernaculaire guarani d’une petite chouette de la grosseur du poing. Caburé-í. Il en existe une variété plus petite encore, qui donne son nom à une pratique magique par laquelle le magicien ou la magicienne prépare une petite bourse contenant des plumes de cet animal et ointe avec des particules de la cervelle de l’oiseau et du vermillon. Cette amulette est supposée apporter à son possesseur amour, succès dans les affaires, chance aux jeux de hasard…

Caburé (m). Glaucidium brasilianum. 2 Glaucidium minutissimum. 3 Vaso usado em rituais de feitiçaria. 4 Uma das figuras do bumba meu boi, representando essa ave com a cabeça exageradamente grande, característica que, durante as apresentações, assusta as crianças. (BR)

3 Vase utilisé dans les rituels de magie. [Il s’agit sans doute, à l’origine, de la bourse dont il est question dans DD.] 4 Un des personnages du bumba-meu-boi [un carnaval populaire dont le personnage principal est un bœuf (boi) qui meurt et ressuscite], représenté sous la forme de cet oiseau avec une tête exagérément grande, une caractéristique qui a le don, lors des représentations, de faire peur aux enfants.

Camboatá o Îbîrá Corpus. Con los gajos de este árbol los Padres Jesuitas adornaban las calles y llevaban a modo de palmas en las procesiones, en días de festividades religiosas. (FS camboata; BR camboatá, fruta-de-pombo)

Avec les branches de cet arbre les pères jésuites ornaient les rues, et ils les portaient également en guise de palmes dans les processions, les jours de fête religieuse.

Caraí Pîrahé. Mitología: Señor de la Noche. Fantasma de la Noche. Pombero. [Véase Pombero: Americanismos III]

Le seigneur de la nuit. L’esprit de la nuit. Le Pombero. [Voir ce mot dans Americanismos III.]

Categuara. Antiguo puerto en la Costa del Pacífico, en el Perú, que figura en el Mapa de Ptolomeo.

Ancien port de la côte du Pacifique, au Pérou, qui figure sur la mappemonde de Ptolémée. [Je rappelle que Ptolémée a vécu au IIe siècle. Le professeur Dacunda Diaz appartient ainsi à ces chercheurs pour qui l’Amérique n’était pas une complète terra ignota avant Colomb. Pour quelques données et réflexions à ce sujet, voir mon essai.]

Cumacú. Árbol con propiedad mágicas para preservar la libertad.

Un certain arbre aux propriétés magiques préservant la liberté.

Curundú. Amuleto con virtudes sobrenaturales. A quien lo posee, en peleas y duelos criollos desvía las balas y el lanzaso, defendiéndolo.

Amulette dotée de pouvoirs surnaturels qui dévie les balles et les coups de lance pour défendre son possesseur, dans les rixes ou les fameux « duels créoles » des gauchos.

Curupá. Narcótico vegetal que los guaraníes empleaban para adormecer a los peces y pescarlos. [Véase Curupa en Americanismos IV.]

Narcotique végétal que les Guaranis employaient pour endormir les poissons pendant la pêche.

Curupí. Fantasma que habita en los bosques. Es un aborigen corpulento de color rojizo, impresionante, que camina con los talones de los piés hacia adelante, y los dedos para atrás. Cuando el Curupí aparecía a los aba guaraní, esos enloquecían, arrojándose a algún río o atropellando espinas y ramas del bosque, matándose.

Génie des forêts. C’est un Indien corpulent de couleur rubiconde, qui a les doigts de pied à l’arrière et les talons devant. Quand le Curupi apparaissait aux Guaranis, ils devenaient fous, se jetaient dans une rivière ou contre des arbustes pleins d’épines pour se tuer.

Curupira ou Currupira (m). Ente fantástico que habita as matas, considerado um dos mitos mais antigos do Brasil. É representado por um garoto de baixa altura, cabelos cor de fogo, e pés com os calcanhares para a frente e os dedos para trás, a fim de enganar os caçadores. É o protetor das árvores e da caça. (BR)

Créature fantastique habitant les forêts, considéré comme l’un des mythes les plus anciens du Brésil. Il est représenté comme un garçonnet de petite taille aux cheveux couleur de feu et les pieds talons devant et doigts derrière pour induire les chasseurs en erreur. Il est le protecteur des arbres et des animaux.

Garapé. Zanja Jesuítica antigua, del siglo XVII, que unía el río Aguapey con el río Paraná.

Ancien canal (littéralement, en espagnol, « tranchée ou fossé jésuite ») qui, au dix-septième siècle, unissait le Rio Aguapey et le Rio Parana. [La topographie de la région connaît encore les noms propres de Zanja Garapé et Zanja Jesuitica.]

Güirapurú. Mitología: Ave hechicera. Guirapuru o Uirapuru (m) (Pipra) (BR)

Dans la mythologie guarani, un oiseau magicien. [Il s’agit, selon le dictionnaire brésilien, d’un oiseau du genre Pipra, mais il ne mentionne pas les croyances relatives à cet oiseau.]

Î Póra o Y Yára. Mitología: Señora dueña de las aguas.

La reine des eaux. [J’ai eu l’occasion de l’évoquer dans mon essai Ingeborg, A Viking Girl on the Blue Lagoon.]

Iara ou Mãe-d’água (f). Ente fantástico, espécie de sereia, meio mulher, meio peixe, que habita rios e lagoas; aiuara-aiuara, uiara.

Iara ou « la Mère des eaux », créature fantastique, espèce de sirène, mi-femme mi-poisson, qui vit dans les rivières et les lacs.

Irasëma. Mitología: Diosa o dueña de los cantares. I: agua; rasé: murmullo, llanto; ma: ya. Murmullo del agua al correr o caer.

Déesse ou reine des chansons. Son nom signifie « le murmure de l’eau (qui court ou tombe) ».

Itá. Piedra. 2 Ornatos de piedra pulida que se encuentran en las urnas funerarias de los antiguos pueblos guaraníticos como los del Delta del Paraná, Buenos Aires.

Pierre. 2 Ornements de pierre polie trouvés dans les urnes funéraires de anciennes populations guaranies, telles que celles du delta du Parana, dans la région de Buenos Aires.

Itã (f). Ornato de pedra, típico das urnas funerárias dos antigos povos aborígines; intã. (BR) [Cf. Muiraquitã: pedra das amazonas.]

Ornement de pierre typique des urnes funéraires des anciens peuples indigènes.

Lampalagua o Curiyú. Ofidio de gran tamaño que habita en la laguna de Yberá. Devora y traga zorros, vizcachas, ciervos y otros animales. [Véase Ampalagua: Americanismos I.]

Serpent colossal habitant la lagune d’Ybera. Il dévore et engloutit renards, viscaches, cerfs et autres animaux.

Ampalágua (f) ou Curudiú (m). Sucuri-amarela. (BR) « Boa jaune »

Lobizón o Luisón. Superstición adoptada. El séptimo hijo varón consecutivo que se convierte en perro o en lobo grande. Realiza sus salidas nocturnas semanales en días viernes. No es carnívoro y se alimenta de excrementos de los gallineros. [Véase Americanismos III.]

Dans cette supersticion empruntée à d’autres par les Guaranis, il s’agit du septième fils consécutif d’un même lit, qui se transforme en chien ou en loup. Il réalise ses sorties nocturnes hebdomadaires le vendredi. Il n’est pas carnivore mais se nourrit de la fiente des poulaillers.

Mainumbî. Picaflor or colibrí. La superstición popular le atribuye a su presencia buena noticia o grata visita.

Colibri. Les croyances populaires affirment que sa présence augure d’une bonne nouvelle ou d’une visite agréable.

Moñái. Mitología: Uno de los siete Entes del mal.

Selon la légende, une des sept entités du mal. [DD omet de dire quelles sont les six autres.]

Ñacurutú. Impresionante y majestuosa ave de rapiña de toda la América Meridional (Bubo virginianus ñacurutu). De vida nocturna. Los guaraníes creían que su canto impresionante significa : Añá-ñeé-ngurú-pitü, es decir, «El diablo habla en la oscuridad entre dientes»; y que su contacto contagiaba al hombre pereza.

Un oiseau de proie impressionnant et majestueux dont l’habitat recouvre l’ensemble de l’Amérique méridionale. De mœurs nocturnes. Les Guaranis croyaient que son chant impressionnant disait « Le diable parle entre ses dents dans l’obscurité », et que son contact rendait l’homme paresseux.

Ñandá. Mitología de Guarayos. Creían y adoraban a un animal sagrado, parecido al mulo.

Les Indiens de la province de Guarayos vénéraient un certain animal sacré de ce nom et imaginaire, semblable au mulet.

Ñandú Tatá. Mitología. Ñandú: avestruz; tatá: fuego. Según la creencia, es el fuego o luz mala que camina de noche, o corre como el ñandú.

« L’autruche de feu » est, dans les croyances populaires, un feu-follet ou « lumière mauvaise » qui sort la nuit et court comme l’autruche appelée ñandú.

Ñandutí. Tejido fino como tela de araña, con hilos muy finos. Se teje en el Paraguay. [Véase Americanismos III.]

Un tissu fin comme de la toile d’araignée, tissé au Paraguay. [Le terme est composé à partir du nom d’une araignée, ñandú (comme l’autruche), également appelée araña chata (araignée plate).

Ñasaindî. Luz de la luna llena. Añá-hesä-hendî significa: Añá: diablo; hesä: ojo; hendî: encendido. Como es de noche, «es el ojo encendido del diablo que mira la tierra», en su polisíntesis la palabra ñasaindî.

La lumière de la pleine lune. Le nom signifie « l’œil brillant du diable qui regarde le monde ».

Ombú. Árbol grande de buen follaje, típico del habitat guaraní (Phytolacca dioica). Su ceniza contiene potasa y sirve para hacer jabón. Folc. La superstición lo relaciona con los «entierros» y «tesoros escondidos» debajo de sus raíces, acompañados de «luces malas». Además que las aves nunca anidan en su follaje y es dañoso dormir debajo del árbol.

Grand arbre de bon feuillage, typique du milieu guarani. Sa cendre, qui contient de la potasse, permet de fabriquer du savon. Folk. La supersticion l’associe aux trésors cachés, entre ses racines, ainsi qu’aux « lumières mauvaises » (feux-follets) ; de même, les oiseaux ne nicheraient jamais dans ses branches, et dormir sous l’arbre serait néfaste.

Ombú (m). … Crece aislado en medio de la pampa, y no ofrece otra utilidad que la sombra o el pasajero abrigo que presta contra la lluvia o el viento, pues no da fruto, ni su madera esponjosa puede ser empleada en carpintería ni para calefacción, porque no arde. Muy común también en los cementerios, en Argentina. (FS)

L’ombú pousse isolé au milieu de la pampa et n’est d’aucune utilité, si ce n’est pour l’ombre ou l’abri temporaire qu’il offre contre la pluie ou le vent, vu qu’il n’a pas de fruits et que son bois spongieux ne peut servir ni en charpenterie ni pour le chauffage, dans la mesure où il ne prend pas feu. On le trouve également souvent dans les cimetières, en Argentine. [Il est curieux que l’arbre soit dit ici ne pas brûler, alors que l’on a vu plus haut que sa cendre sert à faire du savon ; mais ces deux sources ont près de cinquante ans d’écart.]

Paná paná. Migración de golondrinas en cierta época del año.

Migration d’hirondelles à une certaine époque de l’année. [DD semble là se fourvoyer complètement : il ne s’agit pas d’hirondelles, dont les migrations sont bien connues de nos climats, mais d’essaims entiers de papillons, selon la définition du BR qui suit.]

Panapaná (m). Borboleta. 2 Grande quantidade de borboletas em migração; panamá, panapanã. 3 Bando de borboletas que sugam sais minerais de terra úmida, à beira de rios. (BR)

Panapaná azul

Papillon. 2 Grande quantité de papillons en migration. 3 Essaim de papillons lorsqu’ils sont en train de sucer les minéraux de la terre humide, au bord des rivières.

Pichaí. Cabello de negro.

Les cheveux d’une personne de race noire.

Pirá Guacupá. Pez de los ríos Paraná y Uruguay, de un palmo a lo largo, de cuerpo con escamas plateadas brillantes. En la cabeza el guacupá tiene dos piedras. El jesuita Domingo de Torres descubrió en estas piedras propiedades medicinales contra el mal de piedras: «Se muelen dos piedrecillas, y su polvo mezclar con vino tinto tibio o agua algo caliente: agregar tres granos de trigo reducidos también a polvo… todo esto contra las piedras y el mal de orina.»

Poisson des Rios Parana et Uruguay, de vingt à trente centimètres de long et couvert de brillantes écailles argentées. Son crâne contient deux pierres [des bézoars], auxquelles le jésuite Domingo de Torres découvrit des vertus contre les calculs urinaires : « Moudre les deux petites pierres et mélanger leur poudre avec du vin rouge tiède ou de l’eau chaude : ajouter trois grains de blé également réduits en poudre… contre les calculs et le mal des urines. »

Pirá Cururú. Pez sapo. Pez feo parecido al sapo.

Poisson-crapaud, un poisson d’aspect rébarbatif ressemblant au crapaud.

Cururu (m). Pacamão, peixe-sapo. (Lophiosilurus alexandri) (BR)

Piranú. Mitología. Monstruo protector de los peces en Misiones, Arg. «Pez grande y negro, con ojos grandes y cabeza de caballo, que echaba a pique las canoas de los pescadores.»

Monstre protecteur des poissons, dans la région de Misiones, en Argentine. « C’est un grand poisson noir, avec de grands yeux et une tête de cheval, qui coulait par le fond les pirogues des pêcheurs. » [DD n’indique pas l’origine de cette citation.]

Póra cî. Fantasma: Madre de la belleza.

Un certain génie : la Mère de la beauté.

Quimbaya. Familia aborigen de la costa de Ecuador. Eran muy hábiles en trabajos de oro. Los ídolos de oro hechos por ellos, conocidos como el «Tesoro de los Quimbayas», se encuentran en el Museo Nacional Arqueológico de Madrid, España.

Peuple d’Indiens de la côte de l’Écuateur. Ils étaient très habiles dans le travail de l’or. Des idoles en or connues sous le nom de « trésor des Quimbayas » font partie de la collection du Musée national d’archéologie de Madrid.

Tesoro de los Quimbayas

Quimbayas (mpl). Indios que vivían encajonados entre la cordillera y el río Cauca, entre los ríos Tucurumbi y Zegues, en Colombia, donde constituían la provincia llamada de Quimbaya. Los quimbayas eran unas de las seiscientas tribus que pobablan el territorio colombiano al llegar allá los conquistadores en 1549; la región que ocupaban, corresponde actualmente al departemento de Cauca. Parece que provenían de la gran familia andina de los indígenas colombianos; fueron famosos principalmente por sus artefactos de oro. (FS)

Indiens qui vivaient entre la cordillère et le Rio Cauca, entre les Rios Tucurumbi et Zegues, en Colombie, où ils constituaient la province dite de Quimbaya. Ils étaient une des 600 tribus peuplant le territoire colombien à l’arrivée des Espagnols dans la région en 1549 ; la contrée où ils vivaient correspond à l’actuel département de Cauca. Il semble qu’ils provenaient de la grande famille andinne des Indiens de Colombie. Ils sont renommés principalement pour leur travail de l’or.

Quîvú quîvú. Hormiga que camina hacia atrás.

Fourmi qui avance à reculons.

Saperé. Mitología: Duende, hijo del fantasma Curupí.

Selon la légende, cette créature est le fils du génie Curupi.

Suiñandî. Ceibo. Arbusto de las costas de los ríos con bella flor roja. Flor nacional de la Argentina. Una hermosa leyenda expresa que la flor representa a la guaraní llamada Anahí, de voz dulce, pero fea, inmolada, salvando su raza.

Arbuste du bord des fleuves ayant une belle fleur rouge, la fleur nationale de l’Argentine. Une belle légende raconte que la fleur représente la jeune Guaranie Anahi, laide mais à la voix douce, qui se sacrifia pour sauver son peuple.

Sananduí (m). Erythrina crista-galli. Seibo, sanandu, mulungu, canivete, sapatinho-de-judeu, bico-de-papagaio (Erythrina falcata); flor-de-coral (Erythrina corallodendron). (BR)

Entre autres noms de cette fleur, ou d’autres proches et pas toujours bien distinguées dans le langage vernaculaire, en portugais du Brésil, on trouve « godasse de juif », « bec de perroquet », « fleur de corail ».

Sumé o Tumé. Santo Tomás. Sacerdote que enseñó a los guaraníes a cultivar la tierra.

Saint Thomas. Prêtre qui enseigna aux Guaranis la culture de la terre. [DD reprend à son compte la thèse – qui fait partie du folklore guarani – selon laquelle l’apôtre Thomas aurait fait de grands voyages à travers le monde, selon les uns en Inde, selon les autres, à l’instar du polymathe mexicain Carlos de Sigüenza y Gongora (mort en 1700), aux Indes, c’est-à-dire en Amérique.]

Sumé (m). Personagem mítica e lendária que teria aparecido e ensinado aos indígenas a agricultura e, por desgosto com os homens, teria desaparecido misteriosamente. (BR)

Personnage mythique et légendaire qui serait venu aux Indiens et leur aurait enseigné l’agriculture puis, par dégoût des hommes, aurait disparu mystérieusement.

Tambú. Larva comestible. [Véase Americanismos I.]

Larve comestible.

Tambu (m). Bicho de pau podre. (BR)

Larve du hanneton [dont le nom portugais est « le vermicule du bois pourri », en raison de sa vie passée sous les troncs morts des arbres tombés.]

Tananá. Insecto ortóptero del norte, que con estridencia emite su nombre, que es onomatopéyico.

Insecte orthoptère du nord qui émet son nom onomatopéique de manière stridente.

Tananá (m). Pequeno ortóptero (Thliboscelus camellifolius) da família dos tetigoniídeos, encontrado na Amazônia, de cor verde-folha, muito conhecido por emitir um som intenso e característico ao friccionar a base de uma das asas contra o lado oposto. As asas desse inseto são abauladas e formam uma câmara de ressonância, que amplia o som emitido. (BR)

Petit insecte orthoptère d’Amazonie, de couleur vert-feuille, très connu pour le son intense et caractéristique qu’il émet en frottant la base de chacune de ses ailes l’une contre l’autre. Ses ailes arquées forment une caisse de résonance qui amplifie le son émis.

Tapirichú. Gusano del mboyacá (coco).

Ver de la noix de coco.

Taú. Fantasma con la encarnación del mal.

Génie qui est l’incarnation du mal.

Tereré. Crujir de árboles en el bosque. 2 Infusión de yerba mate, fría o helada, que se bebe en el verano.

Grincement des arbres dans la forêt. 2 Infusion d’herbe maté servie glacée au printemps.

Terere (m). En el Paraguay y Bolivia, la yerba del mate puesta en maceración en agua fría, de lo cual resulta una bebida muy agradable. (FS)

Au Paraguay et en Bolivie, herbe maté que l’on fait macérer dans de l’eau fraîche et dont il résulte une boisson très désaltérante.

Tipói. Vestido simple sin mangas ni cuello, de las mujeres guaraníes, usado después de la Conquista.

Vêtement simple, sans manches ni col, des femmes guaranies, entré en usage après la Conquête.

Tipoy (m). En los países del Plata, especia de camisa larga y sin mangas, túnica desceñida, semejante al huipil, que constituye el vestido típico de las indias civilizadas y de las mujeres campesinas. (FS)

Dans les pays du Rio de la Plata, espèce de chemise ample et sans manches, tunique sans ceinture semblable au huipil, et qui est le vêtement typique des Indiennes civilisées et des femmes de la campagne.

Tipói (m) ou Tipoia (f). Vestido em forma de camisola sem manga. (BR)

Tupichuá. Demonio que trata con una persona.

Démon qui traite avec une personne.

Uatapú. Bocina y sonido que los guaraníes obtenían soplando el bucio de caracol, para atraer a los peces y cazarlos.

«Los guaraníes conocieron el minvy chué, especie de flauta muy parecida a la quena peruana; el minvy guasú, similar a la anterior pero más grande; el yandú’pu’á, trompa de guerra para la que se usaba la caparazón del tatú; el uatapú, bocina a la cual atribuían los indios la virtud de atraer a los peces; el minvy tara’rá, gruesa bocina de guerra; el turú, trompeta de tacuara, que después de la introducción del ganado por los europeos se hacía de los cuernos.» (Juan Natalicio González, Ideología guaraní, 1958)

Conque de mollusque dont les Guaranis se servaient pour, avec le son produit en soufflant dedans, attirer les poissons lors de la pêche.

Uatapu (m). Búzio. 2 Trombeta feita de concha usada pelos indígenas.

Mollusque gastropode pourvu d’une conque. 2 L’instrument que font de cette conque les Indiens.

Yarîi. Mitología: Duende protector.

Esprit protecteur.

Yateré. Fantasma que proviene de la luna (Yacy): Yacy Yateré. [Véase Ñacanendi: Americanismos II.]

Esprit originaire de la lune. [Voir Ñacanendi, dans Americanismos II, quelques autres détails au sujet de cette croyance.]

Yayurú. Loro de pico grande.

Un perroquet au long bec [qui ne semble toutefois pas être le toucan.]

Septembre 2017

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