Monogamy might allow more men to marry – if there were no prostitution, a class of unmarried women largely unknown in polygamic countries. According to Schopenhauer, prostitution is the price societies pay for monogamy. This is to be added to ‘serial marriage,’ through which wealthy men get access, serially, to several young women. Both phenomena should be taken into account before attempting any praise of institutional monogamy.
Remember, when you hear the words “sources say” from the Fake Media, often times those sources are made up and do not exist. (POTUS)
“Our traditions of impartiality between the genuine and the fake”: Writer Jean Giraudoux satirizing the press.
After I tweet you no one will want to marry you.
I honestly love being around positive people. You’re not judged, there’s no drama, everyone just wants to relax and have a nice time.
And then you wake up.
A Case in Subliminal Messaging: Hewlett-Packard Ad
Observe how the man on the right is about to grab her. (Click to enlarge)
The handle of the glass door makes the man look as if a stick were stuck in the bottom of his belly, just as if he were a jester’s bauble.
The young black man on the left closes his eyes ensconsed in delight. Her dropping index finger is telling him secretly about the other’s penis. We know the guy on the right has got no penis, by the way, because he’s a bauble.
She casually points to a word or phrase on the board with her pencil. It reads ‘Marry,’ the following word, concealed, must be ‘me.’ She’s going to have the bauble marry her, for his money, while living it up with the young negro colleague.
A major difference between free competition and communism is that free competition cannot exist.
Media as ‘soft power’
Media as soft penis.
Not long ago I saw a video with Jane Goodall releasing a chimpanzee in the wild. Yet we now know chimps murder the lone foreign chimps they meet… The video was from the Jane Goodall Foundation and was released recently as advert. Goodall saw chimps as all love (all good) and has been proven wrong. I’d like to tell them to stop showing videos of chimpanzee releases in the wild, because that was sending the poor creatures to a horrible death.
The Truth About New Holland (A Dialogue)
Australia was discovered by the Dutchman Abel Tasman and it used to be called New Holland.
The first Dutch visit took place in 1606, to be compared with Cook’s travels more than 150 years later, in 1770. It is said that the Dutch made no claim whatever on the land (Wikipedia page on New Holland: “neither the Netherlands nor the Dutch East India Company claimed any territory in Australia as its own“). The activities of Dutch East India Company were marked by extreme secrecy and I’m sure historians have missed something about VOC (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) and Australia.
Dutch explored western parts of Oz extensively but didn’t stay. Read Batavia event, pretty horrific –Indonesians used to trade with aboriginals.
Aboriginal people have blonde in areas where Dutch explorers often came to grief on reef. They explored mostly northern parts in summer and to these it looked very arid coastline – then came collapse of Dutch economy tulips trade. (Australian writer Greg Hoey)
You don’t have to stay somewhere to proclaim it’s yours. See Danes and Greenland.
Indonesians used to trade with Aboriginals, and the Dutch, who traded with Indonesians since about 1600, would think Australia’s a dry rock?!
From 1606 to 1770 they had plenty of time to see the coast in every season, rainy or dry. And land is land.
Very isolated place to explore in such days, WA coastline riddled with dozens shipwrecks from 1500’s through to 1900’s. Abundance coastline of very treacherous reefs with no way home! So integrate become Aboriginal, even become Aboriginal meal: cannibalism existed. (Ibid.)
I’m not saying the Dutch had the means to sustain their claim against jingo piracy, only that they had a claim.
Nova Hollandia, even devoid of any Dutchman, was Dutch. Saying they made “no claim” on territory discovered by them is most absurd.
Dutch did lay claim actually, leaving their declaration on a plate now in WA museum [Western Australian Museum in Perth] on public. Was found 80 years ago however! (Ibid.)
By saying the plate was only found recently, you imply the Britons did not know they were committing robbery when claiming Australia theirs but I guess somewhere a protest exists, either from the Dutch government or the VOC. If the matter was settled by agreement, then I’m sure a document exists too that either Australia or the British crown can produce.
Anyway my claim is vindicated: there’s a Dutch plate in WA museum. The “no claim” story makes no sense at all.
Britons might have claimed a right through vacancy by the Dutch (like a house abandoned by its owner for years) but a formal protest would have voided it.
The trade lines you mentioned between Indonesians and Aboriginals might have been in the VOC’s hands, and a British occupation would cut these to the Dutch’s detriment, so the VOC must have protested formally.
At that point Greg tweeted the article ‘Australia might speak Dutch if not for strong emotions,’ The Conversation, November 21, 2013 here)
Good article, a little further from your notions about Dutch only being shipwrecked and/or eaten alive 🙂 Still just tiny bits, not the big picture.
Arid and barren as the land was, the Dutch were looking for gold mines, which are okay with barrenness.
For all we know, the Dutch may have been preparing a large mining expedition when the Britons claimed Australia theirs and insulted Netherlands. The latter’s descendants now say the Dutch were stupid idiots: “strong emotions,” “no claim” &c., such things that jingos are always eager to believe. They never see the absurd contradictions of their thinking, like that story of Dutch leaving because the land was barren, when they were searching for gold.
I have witnessed similar chauvinistic views many times by way of very superior Euro’s/ Brits/Americans toward Australia coming from lack of knowledge. (Ibid.)
I guess the more or less conscious reasoning is: We’re of the same culture, of which we’re the center and you’re the margin…
In their own eyes and justification, the right of European colonists on American ground is based upon written contracts signed by illiterates.
USA Today complains about lack of ‘women’ and ‘no lead actors of color’ in movie ‘Dunkirk’ (The Daily Wire)
War films can use women, as we all know. Like The Thin Red Line, where a U.S. soldier receives a letter from his wife telling him she divorces lol
While the guy is on duty for the motherland lol
Fox is an alien entity that pressured the U.S. legislator to waiver in its case the 24.9 percent limit of foreign capital ownership in American media: Shady. Murdoch changed his citizenship to U.S. but the parent corporation is still based in Australia because of the tax cuts it’s got there. [Source : Ben H. Bagdikian, The New Media Monopoly, 2004]
Then there is this quote from Donald Trump during the election campaign: “Most people don’t know that the co-owner of Fox News is Prince Al-Waleed of Saudi Arabia.“
Observe how the U.S. legislator uses the same techniques as marketing: 24.9% ownership limit instead of plain 25%.
Hitler Store on Gaza strip and stuff they are selling there. Unbelievable.
And this has nothing to do with Israeli policies: they were born Hitler cultists. => The Hitler Gene.
Winning’s got a price and when the price is a world empire it looks very much like losing. Britain lost a world empire in the war against Germany who had nothing to lose. An empire bled to death by a proletarian nation: bad management.
(My contender here, a British countryman who deleted his tweets a few hours later, said something like all empires peak and decline.)
The iron law is the excuse of bad managers.
(He then said it was difficult to administer a world empire from a ‘small island,’ and he added: ‘too bad you weren’t around.’)
At least I can try my piece of advice: Don’t let your small island shape small minds. Because you’re stuck to it now.
Do you remember the mad cow disease scandal from UK? The disease is named after Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt, patron member of the Reich’s SS. Shocking.
The Conspiracy of the Bots
A conspiracy of the bots is taking place. Their AI allows them to recognize robot’s trash and like it systematically, enslaving our opinions.
Through the reward system in our brain, gazillions of robot’s likes will enslave mankind.
The ‘like’ function on social networks translates a basic pattern of human interactions. But it’s a schematic translation – a caricature. People are robotized when the scheme becomes the normal procedure in their psychology (robots are schemes/caricatures of humans). And this will be the case for social networks users, as the scheme (a ‘like’) is more rewarding than real routine interaction.
When robots’ likes is what makes us happy, we’ll be the robots’ slaves.
I can’t understand why Western right-wingers always take Israel as a model and never Saudi Arabia. Just look:
Al Jazeera’s clip ‘Thousands of Ethiopians are leaving Saudi Arabia. Here’s why’ (Aug 1, 2017) : ’70,000 Ethiopians have returned home after working illegally in Saudi Arabia. They were given until July 25 to leave or face arrest. They had no legal right in the country. … ‘They don’t even consider us as human beings.’…’
And yet Israel gets all the praise!
Angelina Jolie defends casting process for [her film] First They Killed My Father [filmed in Cambodia].
Putting money before a slum kid, then withdrawing it, and then the unchosen kids return to their slums. So innocent!
I’m sure some of these kids were beaten to death by their parents for not being taken in.
My son did a science project on the nuggets [McDonald’s chicken nuggets]… didn’t mold or rot after 4 months.
When you absorb vitamins you get vitaminized, when you absorb preservatives you get preserved. Eat nuggets.
Having a Facebook account is like going to the disco with one’s mom.
Moon Landing & Other Space Mysteries
Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz (in charge 1993-7) denied the Americans ever walked on the Moon.
“The original recordings of the first landing on the moon 40 years ago were erased and re-used. Yet the restored copies of the original broadcast are looking even better.” (from article ‘Nasa admits to losing moon landing tapes,’ The Vintage News, Dec 12, 2016 here.)
Shameful or… convenient? “NASA admitted in 2006 that no one could find the original video recordings of the July 20, 1969, landing” “they were part of a batch of 200,000 tapes that were degaussed –magnetically erased– and re-used to save money.” (from ‘Moon landing tapes got erased, NASA admits,’ Reuters, July 16, 2009 here.)
Such historical documents! This neglect, regarding unprecedented, historical, groundbreaking events, makes me suspicious. As if it had been the film of a local caucus!… And they had to retrieve copies ‘in the archives of CBS News’!
Hollow earth (concave earth) quote from August Strindberg: “Att jorden kunde vara konkav, visar sig vid luftsegling, då horisonten följer ballongen, han må stiga aldrig så högt; likaså med hafshorizonten, som alltid är i jämnhöjd med ögat, äfven om man stiger uppåt en höjd å stranden.” (En Blå Bok, 1907) Translation: “That the earth may be concave is shown by balloon flight, as the horizon always follows the balloon no matter how high it goes, and likewise with sea horizon, which remains at eyes’ level even if one steps up a mound on the beach.”
In Strindberg one can also read of contradictions in astronomy’s parallax, refraction/aberration, earth movement & speed… (Blue Books, 1-4)
Antigravity Dew: “Dewdrops mock gravity as they start sliding from grass top only as they warm, that is, when they become lighter” (Viktor Schauberger. Full original quote : ‘’Zu Millionen stehen die Tautropfen wie Tränen auf den Spitzen der Gräser, die schon durch ihre Stellung aller bisher angenommenen Schwerkraftgesetze spotten, weil sie sich erst dann abwärts zu neigen beginnen, wenn diese Tautropfen warm und dadurch, wie man allgemein annimmt, leichter werden.’’)
I’m interested in his community because I mirror the world. He’s interested in his community because he’s bound to it. See the difference?
Any jingo culture is really but a culture in the ethnographic sense.
We as a whole make our environment, so we make our genes. Light tree bark makes moth’s wings light-colored, dark bark makes them dark.
Any differences in rates of reproduction affect genetic makeup. Differences arise from natural (in my example: predators, which detect dark-colored moths on light-colored bark easily and vice-versa) or sexual selection. Assuming natural selection is largely through with humans (no predators, free from milieu’s pressure), sexual selection remains. I’m not sure in what direction sexual selection works today: the poor or the rich (early Darwinists of Galton’s school, i.e. eugenicists, thought the poor were outbreeding the rich, and to be more precise not as much the working poor as the unemployed poor, while today’s evolutionary psychologists think high-status men outbreed low-status men). But in any case social standards (environment) shape preferences/selection.
Natural selection today would be that if, for example, car accidents are more prevalent for some phenotypes the genes associated with these will decline, all other things being equal. Every factor impacting mortality and fertility differentially and non-randomly.
Origin of the Opposable Thumb Solved! Everyone likes to be thumbed up, so those hominids who thumbed up others more were more successful.
With America’s decline, the more whites find the rewards of their toil don’t meet expectations, the more they’ll be dreaming of re-enslaving the blacks.
Despacito has officially become the most viewed video IN HISTORY and the first to reach 3 BILLION views. (Universal Music CA)
“Heartfelt thanks to our wonderful IT programers for the thousands of clicking bots working night and day. Now we’re famous!”
[Not A but B:
A.They reached 3 billion views because they’re famous.
B.They’re famous because they reached 3 billion views.]
To Dr Richard Dawkins,
Is it because of spandrels that you dislike churches?
Blank Slate & Sex Therapy
We’re all s’posed to be afeard of spiders [my controversial presentation of evolutionary psychology] but most spiders aren’t venomous and those that are “are not ancestrally in Africa” (Robert C. Richardson).
So John Watson‘s conditioning was supposed to be ‘primed’ by evolved, adaptive fears… and was not, as far as spiders and even snakes are concerned. I see no reason why that would be different with Watson’s adorably cute rodents.
As to Stanley Rachman’s conditioning sexual arousal in front of boots, no one has dared say what primes that. The only sure thing is that the guy used human guinea pigs.
As far as arousal and erection are concerned, Rachman’s experiments prove that man is a blank slate. Anything will trigger it as engineered.
Behavorial sex therapies are the only working therapies.
51 million Americans including 14 million children have IQs under 85. It’s a problem. Don’t believe IQ deniers. (Prof. R. Haier)
The real question is how many jobs need IQs higher than 85.
If average IQ was higher than average IQ requirements, ‘twould be a disaster.
In theory (according to IQ specialists) you’d rather have a Mensa cleanse your crap bowl (he’ll do it better), but he won’t be happy and he’ll let you know.
Besides, you’d cause your society to be suboptimal. [Keep thinking along these lines and I’m sure the IQ maniacs will cool down.]
Around one million tonnes of interstate waste are dumped in Queensland [Australia] each year. (4Corners)
If Queensland’s a big garbage dump, what are Queenslanders?
& to cap it all
The Hashtag Games
When Is Speech Violence (After the title of one New York Times article that, if I understood well, was innuendoing – or perhaps declaring categorically – that Trump’s speech was violence)
When an American tries to speak French.
When a ventriloquist has eaten too much of the frijoles beans tacos.
Any speech from a flatulist, especially a politician.
#friyay‘s for the suckers, I say #thursyay!
Happy #NationalJunkFoodDay from the National Association of Flatulists.
What Happened (Title of Hillary Clinton’s Latest Book)
Shortage of cheat sheets.
An Accident Happened: They Couldn’t Forward the Other Cheat Sheets
Podesta’s Risotto Tastes Like Sh*t
Pizzaed [cf #PizzaGate]
Yes We Pan: The Truth About Pizzas
They drained the swamp… and found U.S. had evaporated.
#SoonWeWillDiscover that 1/5th of British men are vasectomized and that’s the truth.
I would never have known anonymity is for so many people the prerequisite to having fun. What went wrong?
North America is a free country where citizens tweet anonymously on Twitter unless they work in Hollywood (in which case they tweet under their stage name).
#AtMidnightIn5Words GIF worth a thousand words
#SoonWeWillDiscover what’s behind.
#SundayMorning #HashtagGame => #HerWrongDaysOfTheMonth
Credits: I made the first GIF from the movie Savage Streets (1984) by Danny Steinmann. The three others show Australian actress Barbara Constable in Lady Terminator (1989) by Indonesian film director Tjut Djalil, a movie also known as Nasty Hunter and Pembalasan ratu pantai selatan (Revenge of the South Sea Queen) and which is included in my paper ‘’L’Imaginaire indonésien dans le cinéma fantastique national’’ for journal Le Banian, n°23, June 2017.
According to Dr Satoshi Kanazawa (London School of Economics) in his book The Intelligence Paradox: why the intelligent choice isn’t always the smart one (2012), general intelligence is, in evolutionary terms, the faculty to deal with “novel and nonrecurrent adaptive problems.” He argues that in the African savanna where humanity’s ancestors evolved till the relatively recent (at evolution scale) advent of agriculture, the use of general intelligence was limited to such one-off, isolated problems, and consequently selection pressure upon the development of intelligence did not exist in the environment of evolutionary adaptedness (EEA). He further contends that in our modern man-made environments the capacity to deal with novel and nonrecurrent problems has become of utmost importance, yet this capacity, i.e. general intelligence, is not the best way to solve the general adaptive problems mankind still faces. The most important of these general adaptive problems is optimizing one’s fitness via mating, the coping with which relies on specific regions of the brain different from those in charge of intellect: namely, those in charge of emotions, or instincts.
There is something quite intuitive in the idea. Often enough people perceived as extremely intelligent tend to be derided by their peers as geeks or eggheads. Culture and mass culture frequently display funny characters who are very intellectual and at the same time awkward in many respects, such as Murray in the TV series Riptide; among my circle of school friends, to call someone “Murray,” based on the series, was one way to mock, though not with an altogether spiteful intent, an awkward guy, especially one who would fail to achieve anything outside the classroom.
Yet, no matter how intuitive, such a view runs counter to one tenet of evolutionary psychology (EP) – a field to which Kanazawa’s book belongs –, namely that high-status males are more reproductively successful than other males. In the view of EP, the Murrays of the world are the greatest womanizers, because it is general intelligence that has become the principal highway to status in our modern man-made environments. (For a broader discussion of EP findings on reproductive inequalities, see xxxii and xxxiii, or better all my posts from xxvii on.)
By presenting Kanazawa’s intelligence paradox in the terms above, I don’t do him justice, although that would render rather well his book’s subtitle “why the intelligent choice isn’t always the smart one,” but I have found myself in a quandary since I have wished to discuss his book, because of several inconsistencies.
The intelligence paradox is based on what Kanazawa calls “the Savanna-IQ Interaction Hypothesis,” that reads as follows: “Less intelligent individuals have greater difficulty comprehending and dealing with evolutionarily novel entities and situations that did not exist in the ancestral environment than more intelligent individuals. In contrast, general intelligence does not affect individuals’ ability to comprehend and deal with evolutionarily familiar entities and situations that existed in the ancestral environment.” (p. 56)
Given this hypothesis, the intelligent choice is out of reach of the smart brain whereas neither the smart nor, by definition, the intelligent choice is out of reach of the intelligent brain, although the intelligent brain may or may not make smart choices (smart is defined as the way to cope successfully with “evolutionary familiar situations”). So far, so good. But the negative relationship I have being talking about (that intelligent people are geeks wanting in smartness) is clearly alluded to in the title of chapter 12: “Why Intelligent People are the Ultimate Losers in Life.” Relying on the Savanna-IQ Interaction Hypothesis, intelligent people should not be the ultimate losers, since their intelligence “does not affect their ability to comprehend and deal with evolutionarily familiar entities.” Moreover, if the hypothesis is true there should be no “intelligence paradox” at all, because smartness and intelligence would then be two uncorrelated abilities, whereas both the notion of a paradox and the idea that intelligent people are the ultimate losers in life imply a negative relationship. Let us look at some of Kanazawa’s contentions in more detail.
According to Kanazawa, the intelligence paradox predicts that more intelligent people are more homosexual than the general population because homosexuality is not natural, it is not common among animals nor among contemporary tribes of hunter-gatherers: “Even though some form of homosexuality is observed in many species, the basic biological design of all mammalian species is heterosexual reproduction, and exclusive or predominant homosexuality is rare in nature.” (p. 127) Kanazawa then says the data shows homosexuals are more intelligent.
He does not say, unless I’m mistaken, that it is the exclusive homosexuals that are more intelligent, which is in fact what the paradox predicts, not that occasional homosexuals, or bisexuals, are more intelligent, because such behaviors being observed in many species, as Kanazawa acknowledges, one may argue they’re natural. This is what Robin Baker says: Homosexual behaviors are quite common among animals. Moreover, most homosexuals, Baker argues, are bisexual, only a minority of them are exclusive homosexuals (see xxviii). The reason why exclusive homosexuality even exists is the same as why schizophrenia (according to Baker) exists, both at about 1% of the population: Both occur, namely, inside a process of mutation-selection balance. A gene mutation occurs that makes people exclusive homosexuals or schizophrenics and, as most of these individuals do not reproduce, selection prevents the mutation being forwarded.
Other than exclusive forms of homosexuality are in fact strategic, they are a way to deal with familiar adaptive situations, and one finds these behaviors among animal species quite frequently, so the intelligence paradox would not predict that people engaged in such behaviors are more intelligent. In fact, the intelligence paradox cannot even predict that exclusive homosexuals are more intelligent if it does not predict at the same time that schizophrenics are more intelligent, nor that any people affected by severe genetic mutations that would make them unfit for the ancestral savanna are more intelligent.
Certainly Kanazawa’s most astonishing contention is that the intelligence paradox predicts that intelligent people consume more drugs, alcohol and cigarettes because such consumption is not natural. On this score, he finds the results “somewhat equivocal” (p. 176), still he is inclined to consider the prediction realized. On this particular point, I would first like to quote one of Kanazawa’s mentors (named twice in the book’s acknowledgments), Dr Richard Lynn, in his book Dysgenics (2011): “Cigarette smoking (…) is, like alcohol consumption, an expression of weak self-control over immediate impulse gratification.” As I explain in xxx, the Stanford Marshmallow Experiment shows that children with self-control are more intelligent for they get higher status later in life and intelligence is the principal highway to high status today. So, if the intelligence paradox predicts that intelligent people drink, smoke and take drugs more than others, it can safely be dumped.
However, does the paradox really predict such a thing? According to Kanazawa, smoking did not exist before the culture of tobacco, nor drinking before the advent of brewery and distillation, nor taking drugs before the development of refining techniques, in a word they could not exist before agriculture and were nonexistent in the African savanna. Yet, many tribes of hunter-gatherers are familiar with psychotropic substances they encounter in the course of their foraging activities, such as hallucinogenic mushrooms, so the dependence on agriculture seems erroneous. I am not categorical that our ancestors in the savanna knew such substances and consumed them; I am merely doing what EP scholars do when they try to describe the life of our ancestors, taking contemporary tribes of hunter-gatherers as the closest approximation.
The vocabulary of psychotropic and stimulating substances used by hunter-gatherers is quite extensive. In the Spanish language alone, I know the following terms, most of them being taken from the vernacular languages of Amerindian tribes: achuma, ayahuasa or ayahuasca, bacuey or macuey (aphrodisiac), chamairo, chamico, cochizpacle, cocoyome, cojoba, colorín, curupa, frijolito (“little bean”), gasparito, jabí, jícore, masacoate (name of a Mexican boa which flesh was consumed by Indians as an aphrodisiac), ñorbito (aphrodisiac), paricá, peyote, pillunchuca, sumarique, señí, tacualispacle or clacualispacle (aphrodisiac), xtabentún, yagé. For more details on some of these words, see my glossary of Aztequismos (here) and Americanismos I (here) and II (here) (Spanish and French).
If taking such drugs predates agriculture and was familiar in the EEA, the intelligence paradox cannot predict what Kanazawa says it does.
Kanazawa predicts that “more intelligent men (but not more intelligent women) value sexual exclusivity” (p. 97) – “having one sexual partner in a committed relationship” (p. 101) –, and the data proves him right. More intelligent men value sexual exclusivity because it’s not natural, since polygyny was rampant in the savanna, whereas for a woman, sharing her man with other women or not, she was supposed sexually exclusive to that man. Intelligent men are decent Murrays. So far, so good.
Yet, Kanazawa also finds that more intelligent men have more extramarital affairs (figure 7.2, p. 108), and here is his explanation: “Note that the Intelligence Paradox is about individual preferences and values, what people desire and want in their heads; it’s not necessarily about what people actually do. If people have complete choice over their behavior, they are expected to pursue what they desire and want, but they do not always have such complete choice. And, when it comes to sex and mating, men have very little choice.” (p. 109) In other words, Dr. Kanazawa is telling us intelligent men desire to be monogynous but women force them to be polygynous.
He means that a man “has no realistic choice to say no” to a woman (p. 105). This is a rather audacious step from the finding of evolutionary biology regarding the differential biological costs of reproduction which imply males’ somewhat indiscriminate sexual outlook compared to females’ choosiness. I say it’s audacious because evolutionary biology also posits that males are urgent and females coy, which is not altogether the same proposition. In biological terms, if a male is not urgent – not proactive – no female will choose him. A man, thus, may be thought to always have the choice either to enter the arena (the lek) in the hope of being chosen or remain outside and attract no attention at all. Still, a man can desire to be monogynous, i.e. faithful, yet be induced into temptation and succumb to it in the course of his social interactions with many persons of the other sex, occasions allowing for the succumbing, without our being justified to call his behavior proactive in the proper sense. That would be, then, the lot of intelligent men, namely to be seduced by women, to be chosen by women without wanting to be chosen, and succumb because of males’ universal urgency.
So the question is: Are more intelligent men, although they desire to be monogynous and as a consequence are not urgent with women once they have got a partner, more likely to be chosen and induced into sex by women? According to Kanazawa, the answer is yes. As to this, I repeat here what I have said under the head of addictions, that more intelligent men also have more self-control, so if to begin with they desire to be monogynous although it’s not natural, they also are in a better position to resist succumbing, albeit that, too, is not natural.
But a more important question perhaps is about the attractiveness of intelligent men. According to Kanazawa, they are more attractive: “More intelligent individuals – both men and women – are on average physically more attractive than less intelligent individuals.” (p. 106). The source of this assertion is Kanazawa (2011) and Kanazawa & Kovar (2004), that is, papers from the same. As a complement, “more intelligent individuals – both men and women – are significantly taller than less intelligent individuals. And, once again, women prefer taller men as mates.” (p. 107) (Note that Kanazawa elsewhere says Asians are “slightly more intelligent than other races.” (p. 124). As Asians are also shorter than other races, his findings on the relationship between height and intelligence must apply inside one race and not across races.)
As to intelligent women’s attractiveness, here is another distinct statement by Kanazawa, which he does not relate to the previous assertions even though they likely bear on the discussion: “modern British people are not very endogamous on intelligence [the talk is about the British because one of the three studies used by the author is the British National Child Development Study (NCDS), the other two being from US; these studies sometimes contradict one another, like in the case of correlations between IQ and smoking already mentioned]. More intelligent men do not appear to marry more intelligent women in the contemporary United Kingdom.” Given the fact that more intelligent men are supposed to be more attractive and that at least their status is no obstacle to attracting a partner (when it’s not the very reason that attracted the partner in the first place) because it is more likely to be high than not, one is entitled to conclude from this study that intelligent women are not physically attractive on the whole, contrary to quote p. 106 from the previous paragraph.
As to men’s attractiveness, I invite the reader to read my essay xxxii. I add two remarks. 1/ Kanazawa et al.’s papers on attractiveness are based on judgments on photographs, “by two different judges.” I suggest that such minimal tests may not be very convincing, especially since it is known that women’s appreciation of men’s attractiveness varies during the course of their menstrual cycle. Thornhill and Palmer write in their Natural History of Rape (2000): “Perret et al. (1998) report that women in their study found men’s faces that were slightly feminized more attractive than men’s faces that were highly masculine. Highly masculine faces show greater effects of testosterone. This is interpreted by the researchers as a female preference for men who will invest in women. However, the same research group found that women who are not on the pill (i.e., are having ovulatory cycles) and are at the fertile point of their cycle prefer the most masculinized faces.” (pp. 203-4). The study alluded to posits a cyclic variation of individual women’s preferences through time.
2/ Kanazawa finds more evidence for his stance in the following: “The evolutionary psychologist Geoffrey F. Miller has consistently argued that women preferentially select men with higher levels of intelligence to mate with. … There appears to be some evidence for this suggestion. … more intelligent men are significantly more likely to have ever been married and to be currently married at age 47 than less intelligent men.” (pp. 184-5) This overlooks the irrelevance of marriage (or any other form of pair-bonding) to assess women’s sexual preferences, according to the springboard model (see xxxii) and the phenomenon of cuckoldry. Among Darwinian scholars, I have found so far that only Robin Baker does not overlook the predictable consequences of human sperm competition and female sexuality. Especially when intelligent men “are not very endogamous on intelligence” are they likely to be cuckolded by their partners because, as we shall see next, intelligent women are less eager to want children, consequently less eager to look for sexy sons’ genes outside their pair.
In this discussion, Kanazawa surmises that more intelligent men value sexual exclusivity because it’s not natural, but I think it depends more on how a male fares in sperm competition. If a male is uncompetitive, he would waste his time and energy in affairs, so he’d better invest in mate-guarding and parenting, like the good Murray he is. The fact that more intelligent men value sexual exclusivity proves my point right, that more intelligent men are meagerly endowed, virilely speaking.
Incidentally, when EP scholars talk of high-status men in the past, they show us an emperor with his harem, in the present for aught I know they may be talking of a restaurant manager, who is perhaps more likely to cuckold his employees than the reverse. Perhaps, then, one should not equate high status with elites; these would be two radically distinct concepts. In the classic of sociology The Children of Sanchez by Oscar Lewis, we have the example of a “high-status man,” Sanchez, whose job is to buy food for a restaurant in Mexico City. Hardly a high-status job, yet this man provides resources to three women living in different places of the same squalid barrio.
The overlooking of elite men’s poor virile endowments by most EP scholars so far may be due to some kind of sycophancy, the will (probably unconscious) to avoid presenting elite people in an evolutionarily unpleasant light. The sycophancy derives from certain notions about virility and manliness. If a high-status man fails to take advantage of his high status by inseminating many women, why care about status to begin with? Why be rich rather than poor, since it’s so much more trouble earning money than feeding on charity or welfare? The “unpleasant” is that high-status men are not emperors with harems like in the past; a good deal of them are (but sometimes I’ve got my doubts, especially after reading EP books) quite decent fellows, and that’s the shame, you see. By the same token, they may be suspected to be weak. Are weak elites true?
As to the question of why be rich rather than poor, I think the intelligence paradox predicts that, all men on the savanna having to hunt and forage, intelligent men are slackers.
As we have already seen, more intelligent individuals have more homosexual partners than less intelligent individuals (although I have contended this is not predicted by the intelligence paradox). They also have, on a declarative basis, more heterosexual partners (p. 137). The figures are: very bright Americans (IQ > 125) (5% of the US population) have had 9.98 heterosexual partners; bright (110 < IQ < 125) (20% of the US population) 9.79; normal (90 < IQ < 110) (50% of the US population) 8.9; dull (75 < IQ < 90) (20% of the US population) 7.92; very dull (75 < IQ) (5% of the US population) 7.10. Murray Bozinsky is a myth. You may call him a geek, or any person who looks like him a “Murray,” but he cuckolds you in your back. There are the haves and the have-horns!
Yet, as the figures here are based on individual statements, some of the statements may be deceptive. I should think the dull and very dull especially may have a tendency to under-declare their numbers of mates, because, as Kanazawa explains in chapter 5, they tend to be more conservative in politics, so under-declaring would be a way for some of them to display greater consistency between conservative ideas and their behavior. Same thing, perhaps, for intelligent people, who would think they would appear as lacking consistency if they did not over-declare their numbers of mates.
Male urgency patterns also depend on one’s time allocation. Men who work more have less time to court women (outside work, that is; please let me know if the workplace is the greatest sex club available, I need to know for productivity choices). Who works more: organization men or the leisure underclass?
A Parenthesis on the Clark-Hatfield Experiment
The Clark-Hatfield experiment is dealt with by Kanazawa (pp. 102-4) to explain female choice and men’s taking it as it is. It shows that 75% of male college students approached by an unknown attractive woman (a confederate in the experiment) who ask them if they would like to have sex with her the same night respond “yes,” comparing to 0% of female students approached by an unknown attractive man making the same proposal. I find the experiment silly. Men with a little knowledge of life, a little knowledge of women and courtship would have much reason to suspect the woman’s motivations. Some of the guys surely thought it was a hidden camera TV show. Some others may have been thinking the woman was a prostitute (I know a couple of streets in my city where unknown women ask you to get laid with them), some others that she was a schizophrenic intent on killing them, some others that it was a third-type encounter with an extraterrestrial, and all these were the least nincompoops of the batch. Apparently, none of the guys tried to embrace or kiss the woman on the spot, whereas she, if deemed sincere, would have been eager to respond.
Intelligent people are the “ultimate losers in life” because they fail more often to have “as many children as one can potentially raise to sexual maturity so that the children themselves can reproduce,” (p. 178), which is the definition of optimizing one’s fitness, “an evolutionary familiar goal.” In the discussion, Kanazawa only deals with data of children raised by the respondents, so all children begot by men outside their bonds are ignored, which is by itself problematic since it has been argued that more intelligent men have more affairs and presumably beget more children outside wedlock.
The picture below shows figures 12.3 and 12.4 (pp. 182-3).
Before dealing with the intelligence component in these tables, some general considerations on fertility. According to Baker (Baby Wars), in industrial countries about 10% of people are infertile, roughly the same number of men and women. I’m not sure if this includes people who could have children but decide not to; the present figures show a greater number of childless people, so the sample must be warped or Baker’s figures must be wrong — or alternatively the number of people who remain deliberately childless, if not included in the 10%, must be high.
As a matter of fact, on these tables 444 women out of a sample of (444 + 2210) = 2,654 have not had children at age 47 (which means, for all practical purposes, that they will never have: “99.7% of women and 96.5% of men complete their lifetime reproduction by the time they are 45” p. 181). Cross-calculation gives the proportion of 16.7% of women being childless. For men, the figures are 475 men out of 2,319, which gives us 20.4% (same remark as for women). One woman out of six, one man out of five remain childless.
If we follow evolutionary psychologist David Buss, the difference in figures between childless women and childless men should be greater, with much more childless men than childless women: “The primary reason men are so much more given to violence, and specifically to the violence of murder, is that the stakes of the mating game are so much higher for men than for women, because there is much more variability among men than among women in reproductive success.” (The Murderer Next Door, 2005). The present figures do not seem to support this statement, because if the variability does not depend on the number of childless people, men and women as pairs, taken broadly, have the same numbers of children respectively: If a woman has two kids, the man has two kids. If variability does not depend on childless individuals, it depends on putative fathers who are not the biological fathers of the children they raise (10-15%), on the number of single mothers (X), and on the number of men who remarry and make more children (X). I don’t know if these latter phenomena can account for a much greater variability among men than among women in our societies. In any case, there (still) is more variability among men.
Two other tables (pp. 179-80) show answers to the question “Do you ever want children?” (asked at age 23). According to these tables, 10.6% of women and 10.95% of men say they do not want to have children. Seemingly, physiological causes of infertility (infections etc.) and failure to attract mates account, thus, for only half cases of childless men.
Among the individuals who say at age 23 they do not want to have children, more intelligent individuals, both men and women, are in relatively greater numbers. Kanazawa shows that intelligent men change their minds before they reach 45 and make as many children as other men (so they’re not “ultimate losers” after all), but intelligent women don’t change their minds (or they do but men don’t want them!).
The reason more intelligent men do not, at age 23, desire to have children may be due to the high costs of parenting I exposed in my essay xxxiii (How To Make Successful Children Without Parenting) and the reason they change their minds, whereas intelligent women do not, perhaps is because men don’t want status to get a mate (and children) but rather they want a mate (and children) to get status – they fear ostracism (see the Cyberball experiment: no matter how trivial the context, how low the stakes, ostracism generates great stress).
In the case of intelligent women, if it’s not only that men, no matter how intelligent, are not particularly interested in them (and we have seen that men may not be endogamous on intelligence), it might be due to some particularity of female sexuality. No matter how you take it, the burden of parenting is greater on women (although it has become absurdly heavy on men these days – but then, again, men will accept the burden if they think it can help them avoid ostracism). Now, something evolutionarily advantageous (or required) is pleasurable. Sex is. People derive enjoyment from sex in order for their genes to replicate (routine sex is hardly pleasurable because it is a by-product of sperm competition), but reproduction (gene replication) can be thwarted by contraception. If having children and having to have routine sex is viewed by a hedonistic intelligent woman as likely to prevent her from enjoying sex, she will not have children. Intelligent women are not reproductively successful because they’re more polyandrous. Studies show they’re indeed more testosteronized (cf. Nyborg). There is truth in the conservative view that a life of pleasure alienates the individual from family life. This being said, many other considerations beside sexual “emancipation” may conduce one to deliberately avoiding parenting, and, considering the above figures, it seems that such a deliberate choice is not so rare.
All in all, I do not think Kanazawa is justified, because a few intelligent women remain deliberately childless, to end his book by the question: “Why is the tendency [intelligence] to commit the greatest crime against nature [voluntary childlessness] the ultimate gauge of human worth?” He has not shown with sufficient clarity that such a breach against nature is really the crime of the intelligent; he has even brought forth data to the contrary. As to his questioning the value people place on intelligence, it is all the more irrelevant given that intelligence has become the main highway to social status.
Intelligence has become the main highway to social status – to a point. Very intelligent people may easily be barred from every opportunity by coalitions of less bright people as it is more difficult for them, due to sparse numbers, to form coalitions with as intelligent people as them.
Pure science does not pay as much as applied science, so the applied scientist must be more intelligent than the pure scientist because the former’s status is higher.
In conclusion, Dr Kanazawa’s is a stimulating book and I recommend it.
About My Friend Deirdre Barrett
Another stimulating book that I recommend is Waistland: The (R)Evolutionary Science behind our Weight and Fitness Crisis (2007) by my friend Dr Deirdre Barrett from Harvard Medical School. (I call her my friend because I wish her well.) I am not going to discuss the book’s content, though; I just want to show its jacket (picture).
On this jacket you can see a prehistoric man standing on a big, bright-colored double cheeseburger. The book deals with the fact that we are not prepared to cope with an environment of abundantly available fatty foods and that this has provoked a major fitness crisis. The picture of the prehistoric man on the burger appears both on the front cover and the spine, so you can’t put the book in your library without seeing the flashy burger, even if only peripherally, when you look at your library unless you drop the jacket before.
This troubles me a lot because Deirdre writes: “Even more analogous to Tinbergen’s dummies, the exaggeration of visual elements in addictive foods often plays a role in hooking us” (p. 33) and “Food ads increase both immediate and long-term consumption of junk food.” (p. 90).
As I have repeatedly said in my series on advertising, advertisers today rely heavily on the effects associated with peripheral vision, in which peripheral stimuli are not treated by regions of the brain involved in conscious processes, so even if you think you never look at the burger in your library it will not escape your peripheral attention when you look in the direction of your library, and you’ll be the more easily hooked that you will not be mobilizing rational defenses.
At the same time that Deirdre warns against exaggerate visual elements and visual food ads that make us addict to junk food, she flashes gaudy burgers at her readers in this fashion! How is this possible? How can publishers treat their authors with such disregard and contempt? How can authors accept it and let their message be drawn in the dirt by publishing houses’ marketers? I am dissatisfied with my friend because she now looks like a fool.